Fiber Nonlinear Single-Frequency Lasers

  • Zhongmin Yang
  • Can Li
  • Shanhui Xu
  • Changsheng Yang
Part of the Optical and Fiber Communications Reports book series (OFCR, volume 8)


Other than the rare-earth ions dopants, nonlinear effects can also provide optical gain in a fiber, generally at a detuned wavelength. Since this detuning can be controlled through modifying the parameters of the glass fiber or the pump source, the nonlinear fiber effects (i.e., stimulated Raman scattering and four-wave mixing) can therefore be leveraged to allow for laser operation at spectral bands that cannot be covered by conventional rare-earth ions. However, since the nonlinear effects generally require a long optical path to take place, the resulted narrow mode spacing renders single-mode oscillation difficult to be realized. In this way, relatively complex cavity design such as multi-ring structure is indispensable to achieve fiber nonlinear single-frequency lasers. An exception is the Brillouin fiber laser, which has a very narrow gain bandwidth (several tens of MHz) and can even suppress the linewidth of the pump laser, while its wavelength detuning from the pump is negligible (<0.1 nm). In this chapter, we first introduce the nonlinear effects in optical fibers. Then the Raman and Brillouin fiber lasers are discussed together with the random distributed feedback laser scheme, with the following discussion of fiber optical parametric oscillator.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhongmin Yang
    • 1
  • Can Li
    • 2
  • Shanhui Xu
    • 1
  • Changsheng Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices and Institute of Optical Communication MaterialsSouth China University of TechnologyGuangzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Electrical and Electronic EngineeringThe University of Hong KongHongkongChina

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