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Organic Soil Amendments: Potential Tool for Soil and Plant Health Management

  • Rizwan Ali Ansari
  • Aisha Sumbul
  • Rose Rizvi
  • Irshad Mahmood
Chapter

Abstract

Utilization of organic matter as a chief substrate for agricultural crops and beneficial microorganisms is gaining interest of plant pathologists, agronomists, manufacturing and processing industries, regulators, growers, tycoons and consumers. These organic inputs provide energy and nutrients to soil leading to a considerable change in the environment which becomes appropriate for survival of crops and proliferation of microorganisms. More likely, this exercise is further reinforced by the consumers’ demand as they are more conscious towards their health. Moreover, use of organic matter rather than disposal is preferred because it imparts in the market value and recycles back to the land leading towards the enhanced sustainable agricultural system. Various types of organic materials are now available and growers have been familiar with these wastes. However, efficacious nature of each organic matter is different maybe partly due to their chemical constituents, types, origin and duration of decomposition. Henceforth, the results of these natural products are inconsistent from site to site as well as from field to field. Similarly, there is no single mechanism which can advocate the queries prudently pertaining to disease management caused by various soilborne plant pathogens. Some common instances have, however, been exemplified like secretion of pathogen toxic compounds, alteration in soil physico-chemical properties, enhanced microbial activities and induction of host resistance against wide spectrum of soilborne pathogens. Moreover, soil is indistinct part of the ecosystem which may regulate the plants response. Application of low rate of organics is suggested as this will be affordable to the growers. In our opinion, this may be possible through appropriate site selection, formulation, storage and handling as well as consortia of organic matter with other compatible modules. Major problem in the adoption of this technology is insufficient supply of ready-made organics which needs a prudent optimization in order to attain sustainable agriculture.

Keywords

Soil Organic inputs Microorganisms Physico-chemical properties Disease suppression Growth enhancer 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rizwan Ali Ansari
    • 1
  • Aisha Sumbul
    • 1
  • Rose Rizvi
    • 1
  • Irshad Mahmood
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of Plant Pathology and Nematology, Department of BotanyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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