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Potential Role of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria in Alleviation of Biotic Stress

  • Irshad Mahmood
  • Rose Rizvi
  • Aisha Sumbul
  • Rizwan Ali Ansari
Chapter

Abstract

Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are well known to ameliorate the plant health. A large number of rhizobacteria possess the growth promoting activities. Some of them are very common and has been also commercialised to large/industrial scale. Plant growth regulators have been found to induce the growth and development of various crop plants. Some hormones like auxin, cytokinin, IAA, etc. are the key hormones in the plant growth promotion. However, their ratio of auxin to cytokinin may be determinant in the lateral root or root hair formation. The root surface area and root lengths are also conceived to play very important role in the accumulation of nutrient and are significantly influenced by the application of PGPR. Moreover, PGPR also have the biocontrol activities against a wide range of soil-borne plant pathogens. Some organic molecules such as siderophores, antibiotics, and bacteriocins producing PGPR arrest the pathogen populations and improve the plant health indirectly. Presence of more PGPR in rhizosphere exhibits more vigour plant health. Therefore, PGPR is considered as an alternative and effective way in the management of plant pathogens and plant growth promotion.

Keywords

PGPR Biotic stress Plant growth Rhizobium Siderophore 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irshad Mahmood
    • 1
  • Rose Rizvi
    • 1
  • Aisha Sumbul
    • 1
  • Rizwan Ali Ansari
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of Plant Pathology and Nematology, Department of BotanyAligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhIndia

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