Plant Responses to Phytonematodes Infestations

  • Atef M. El-Sagheer


Phytoparasitic nematodes, of which more than 4100 species have been identified worldwide, are obligate parasites that attack a wide range of plants; some of these species reduce global agricultural production. Phytoparasitic nematodes causes negative impact on plant health: Plant growth, germination, morphogenesis, generative growth, and reproductive growth, as well as functional and morphological changes are greatly affected. The feeding behavior and small size of phytoparasitic nematodes sometimes does not lead to the development of characteristic plant signs and symptoms where nematode problems often go completely undiagnosed. This chapter will focus on responses of plant health growing under nematodes infestation. 


Phytonematodes Biology Plant health Symptoms Plant biomarkers 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atef M. El-Sagheer
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoology and Nematology Department, Faculty of AgricultureAl-Azhar UniversityAssiutEgypt

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