Feasibility Study of Fly Ash as Filler in Banana Fiber-Reinforced Hybrid Composites

  • N. VenkateshwaranEmail author
  • V. Santhanam
  • A. Alavudeen
Part of the Materials Horizons: From Nature to Nanomaterials book series (MHFNN)


Natural fiber-reinforced biodegradable composites have evolved as excellent alternatives to glass fiber-reinforced plastic (GFRP) materials. Due to improved physical and mechanical properties, they have the potential for a wide range of applications. Moreover, natural fibers are cheaper in cost, environmentally friendly, and biodegradable. The properties of some natural fibers have been investigated, and the reported results showed the promising utilization of them as an alternative to glass fiber in many applications. This work is to study the practical use of fly ash as a filler material in banana fiber-reinforced polyester (BFRP) composite. The fly ash in various percentages (5, 10, 15, and 20) was added in the composites and tested for mechanical properties like tensile, flexural, impact viscoelasticity, chemical resistance, density, and water absorption properties. The effect of fly ash content on the fiber–matrix interface was studied using scanning electron microscope. From the results, it is found that the addition of fly ash as filler material improves the mechanical properties and decreases the moisture absorption resistance of banana fiber-reinforced polyester composites.


Natural fibers Composite Polyester Banana fiber Fly ash 


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringRajalakshmi Engineering CollegeChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechatronics EngineeringRajalakshmi Engineering CollegeChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical EngineeringKalasalingam UniversityKrishnankoilIndia

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