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Recent Trends of Nano-material as Antimicrobial Agents

  • Taru Aggarwal
  • Ridhima Wadhwa
  • Noopur Thapliyal
  • Riya Gupta
  • Philip Michael Hansbro
  • Kamal Dua
  • Pawan Kumar MauryaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Nanomaterial has been employed as an alternative to antibiotics, diagnostic tools and delivery of therapeutics. In particular, nanomaterial has grabbed the attention of researchers due to their antimicrobial properties due to the emergence of multi-drug resistance of several micro-organisms. The present chapter highlights the antimicrobial nanomaterials with their mechanism of action along with their broad spectrum applications such as silver nanomaterial is antimicrobial in nature and is effective in drug delivery. Metallic, non-metallic and natural/ biodegradable nanomaterials have been discussed as potential antimicrobial and their mode of action. The mechanism of antimicrobial nanomaterial is poorly understood, but oxidative stress, non-oxidative action, inhibition of cell adhesion, decline in biofilm formation, obstructed quoram sensing and metal ion release are attributed to be as the major reasons. In addition, the limitation and toxicity with the clinical and environmental applications are also described.

Keywords

Nanomaterial Antimicrobial Drug resistance Toxicity Oxidative stress Biofilm 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Taru Aggarwal
    • 1
  • Ridhima Wadhwa
    • 2
  • Noopur Thapliyal
    • 3
  • Riya Gupta
    • 3
  • Philip Michael Hansbro
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  • Kamal Dua
    • 4
    • 5
    • 7
  • Pawan Kumar Maurya
    • 8
    Email author
  1. 1.ICAR-National Research Centre on Plant BiotechnologyLal-Bahadur Shastri Centre, IARINew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Faculty of Life Science and BiotechnologySouth Asian UniversityNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Amity Institute of BiotechnologyAmity UniversityNoidaIndia
  4. 4.Priority Research Centre for Healthy LungsUniversity of Newcastle & Hunter Medical Research InstituteNewcastleAustralia
  5. 5.Centre for Inflammation, Centenary InstituteSydneyAustralia
  6. 6.Faculty of ScienceUniversity of Technology SydneyUltimoAustralia
  7. 7.Discipline of Pharmacy, Graduate School of HealthUniversity of Technology SydneyUltimoAustralia
  8. 8.Department of BiochemistryCentral University of HaryanaMahendergarhIndia

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