Overall, about two-thirds of Fiji and Vanuatu high school students and about three-quarters of Guyana and Antigua and Barbuda students showed HIV/AIDS stigma-appropriate attitudes. Fiji and Antigua and Barbuda students disclosed no gender differences in HIV/AIDS stigma-appropriate attitudes. There were differences in male and female non-stigmatizing attitudes among Guyana and Vanuatu students; some areas where the gender groups differed in the two countries were related to whether they should see the HIV-infected as shameful, on whether they should be isolated, or allowed to work, etc. Ethnicity seemed to be a factor in Guyana and Antigua and Barbuda, where students disclosed differences in HIV/AIDS stigma-appropriate attitudes on whether the HIV-infected person must have done something wrong and deserves to be punished. In their non-stigmatizing attitudes, Fiji and Guyana students differed by ethnicity on whether it is safe for the HIV-infected to work with children. The Guyana and Antigua and Barbuda students showed no age-group differences in HIV/AIDS non-stigmatizing attitudes. On religion, Fiji and Guyana students from various religious groups indicated differences in their HIV/AIDS stigma-appropriate attitudes on whether the HIV-infected should have restrictions on their freedom and on whether they should be allowed to work. In Guyana and Fiji, the socioeconomic status of students impacted their differential attitudes as to whether the HIV-infected should work with children.
- Goffman, E. (2009). Stigma: Notes on the management of spoiled identity. Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar