Advertisement

Perceiving Design Processes as Embodied Experience

  • Mia A. TedjosaputroEmail author
  • Yi-Teng Shih
Conference paper
Part of the Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies book series (SIST, volume 135)

Abstract

Designers in action deal with numerous information flows. In this paper, design processes are examined with an alternative view of embodied cognition. The feedback loops across mind, body, and environment are investigated using this lens. Aiming to understand how the interplay of internal and external processes is constructed, verbal data was collected through a think-aloud experiment with 12 novice designers who contributed to 24 forty-five-minute design sessions with three design environments. Comparisons between interplay in sketching and mental imagery sessions are presented. It is concluded that it is possible to extend the view of designing by elaborating mind, body, and design environment into the cognition mix. The notions such as cognitive self-stimulation, design affordances, design effectivities, and designers as self-structures possibly expand the possibilities to understand the role of designing and design tools.

Keywords

Design cognition Protocol analysis Embodied cognition in design And embodied creativity 

References

  1. 1.
    Gero, J.S., Kannengiesser, U.: The situated function–behaviour–structure framework. Des. Stud. 25, 373–391 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Eastman, C.: New directions in design cognition: studies of representation and recall. In: Eastman, C.M., McCracken, W.M., Newstetter, W.C. (eds.) Design Knowing and Learning: Cognition in Design Education, pp. 147–198. Elsevier Science, Oxford (2001). (Chapter 8)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Zhang, J., Norman, D.A.: Representations in distributed cognitive tasks. Cogn. Sci. 18, 87–122 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wilson, M.: Six views of embodied cognition. Psychon. Bull. Rev. 9, 625–636 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Clark, A.: Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension. OUP USA (2008)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wilson, A., Golonka, S.: Embodied cognition is not what you think it is. Front. Psychol. 4 (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shapiro, L.: Embodied Cognition. Routledge (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Campbell, G., Shapiro, L.: In: Campbell, G. (ed.) Embodied Cognition with Lawrence Shapiro. Brain Science Podcast (2011)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Stanciu, M.M.: Embodied creativity: a critical analysis of an underdeveloped subject. Proc. Soc. Behav. Sci. 187, 312–317 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gibson, J.J.: The Ecological Approach to Visual Perception. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates (1986)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Turvey, M.T., Shaw, R.: The primary of perceiving: an ecological reformulation for understanding memory. In: Nilsson, L.G. (ed.) Perspectives on Memory Research, pp. 167–222. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, NJ (1979)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Norman, D.A.: The Design of Everyday Things. Basic Books (2002)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bilda, Z., Gero, J.S., Purcell, T.: To sketch or not to sketch? That is the question. Des. Stud. 27, 587–613 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Finke, R.A., Ward, T.B., Smith, S.M.: Creative Cognition: Theory, Research and Applications. MIT Press, Cambridge (1992)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Suwa, M., Purcell, T., Gero, J.: Macroscopic analysis of design processes based on a scheme for coding designers’ cognitive actions. Des. Stud. 19, 455–483 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tedjosaputro, M.A.: A visualization tool to investigate the interplay of external and internal processes. In: J. Gero (ed.) Design Computing and Cognition DCC’18, pp. 725–744. Springer (2018-to be published)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Dennett, D.C.: Consciousness Explained. Paul Weiner, Penguin (1993)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bernal, M., Haymaker, J.R., Eastman, C.: On the role of computational support for designers in action. Des. Stud. 41(Part B), 163–182 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Tedjosaputro, M.A., Shih, Y.-T., Niblock, C., Pradel, P.: Interplay of sketches and mental imagery in the design ideation stage of novice designers Des. J. 1–25 (2017)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Pfeifer, R., Lungarella, M., Sporns, O., Kuniyoshi, Y.: On the information theoretic implications of embodiment—principles and methods. In: Lungarella, M., Iida, F., Bongard, J., Pfeifer, R. (eds.) 50 Years of Artificial Intelligence: Essays Dedicated to the 50th Anniversary of Artificial Intelligence, pp. 76–86. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pfeifer, R., Lungarella, M., Iida, F.: Self-organization, embodiment, and biologically inspired robotics. Science 318, 1088–1093 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Schon, D.A.: The Reflective Practitioner: How Professionals Think in Action. Donald A. Ashgate, Schèon (1991)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Fish, J., Scrivener, S.: Amplifying the mind’s eye: sketching and visual cognition. Leonardo 23, 117–126 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of NottinghamNingboChina

Personalised recommendations