Advertisement

A Complete Hardware Advent on IEEE 802.15.4 Based Mac Layer and a Comparison with Open-ZB

  • Ammu Lakshmy RajeshEmail author
  • Sanket V. Kadam
  • Rajendra Patrikar
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 892)

Abstract

In this era of IoT, everything settles down to low power implementation. As the communication between different IoT Wireless Sensor Nodes are considered, the major way of communication is via Zigbee transceiver that has been built on the foundation laid by IEEE 802.15.4 standard specified physical layer and Mac Layer. In this work, major efforts are being focused on the Mac Layer to reduce power consumption in the node by converting this module into hardware. One of the main reasons for this is that the power consumed in this module is large compared to physical layer. The comparison of power consumption with software implementation Open-ZB shows that there is a substantial power saving in hardware implementation.

Keywords

MAC Power Hardware Open-ZB Micaz 

References

  1. 1.
    IEEE 802 Working Group: IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks—Part 15.4: Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LR-WPANs). IEEE Std, vol. 802, 4-2011 (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhang, M., et al.: MAC controller for Wireless Sensor Network on IEEE 802.15. 4 standard. In: 2012 6th International Conference on Signal Processing and Communication Systems (ICSPCS). IEEE (2012)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chen, S., Yao, J., Yuhou, W.: Analysis of the power consumption for wireless sensor network node based on Zigbee. Proc. Eng. 29, 1994–1998 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Di Francesco, M., et al.: Reliability and energy-efficiency in IEEE 802.15. 4/ZigBee sensor networks: an adaptive and cross-layer approach. IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 29(8), 1508–1524 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chintalapudi, K.K., Venkatraman, L.: On the design of MAC protocols for low-latency hard real-time discrete control applications over 802.15. 4 hardware. In: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks. IEEE Computer Society (2008)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sun, Y., Li, L., Luo, H.: Design of FPGA-based multimedia node for WSN. In: 2011 7th International Conference on Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile Computing (WiCOM). IEEE (2011)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Basmer, T., Schomann, H., Peter, S.: Implementation analysis of the IEEE 802.15. 4 MAC for wireless sensor networks. In: 2011 International Conference on Selected Topics in Mobile and Wireless Networking (iCOST). IEEE (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kothari, N.B., Sudarshan, T.S.B., Gurunarayanan, S.: SOC design of a Low Power Wireless Sensor network node for Zigbee Systems. In: International Conference on Advanced Computing and Communications, ADCOM 2006. IEEE (2006)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cunha, A., et al.: Open-ZB: an open-source implementation of the IEEE 802.15. 4/ZigBee protocol stack on TinyOS. In: IEEE International Conference on Mobile Adhoc and Sensor Systems, MASS 2007. IEEE (2007)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Open-ZB - Open-source Toolset for IEEE 802.15.4. Website. http://www.open-zb.net
  11. 11.
    Cunha, A., Alves, M., Koubaa, A.: Implementation of the ZigBee network layer with cluster-tree support. IPP-HURRAY Technical report, HURRAY-TR-070510 (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cunha, A., et al.: ZigBee over TinyOS: implementation and experimental challenges. In: 8th Portuguese Conference on Automatic Control (2008)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Levis, P., et al.: TinyOS: an operating system for sensor networks. In: Weber, W., Rabaey, J.M., Aarts, E. (eds.) Ambient Intelligence, pp. 115–148. Springer, Heidelberg (2005).  https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-27139-2_7CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gay, D., et al.: The nesC language: a holistic approach to networked embedded systems. ACM SIGPLAN Not. 49(4), 41–51 (2014)MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    ATmega128L 8-bit AVRMicrocontroller Datasheet Atmel ref: 2467MAVR-11/04 Website. http://www.atmel.com

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ammu Lakshmy Rajesh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sanket V. Kadam
    • 1
  • Rajendra Patrikar
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for VLSI and NanotechnologyVisvesvaraya National Institute of TechnologyNagpurIndia

Personalised recommendations