Prospects of Organic Farming as Financial Sustainable Strategy in Modern Agriculture

  • Ruchi Soni
  • Sarita K. Yadav


Organic farming is an approach of agriculture that involves the cultivation and propagation of crops and livestock without the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, genetically modified organisms, antibiotics and growth hormones etc. Organic farming system avoids the use of the chemical synthetic inputs and maximizes the practices of crop rotations, use of animal manures, organic wastes and biological system of micro-macro nutrient mobilization and plant protection in an eco-friendly manner. From last few years, there has been a significant sensitization of the global community on environmental conservation and safe food which relied on agriculture practices based on biological inputs instead of applying synthetic inputs of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Organic farming has emerged as the only remedy to bring a long lasting sustainability to agriculture. Organic agriculture exhibits the use of traditional agricultural practices that have been known to the farming communities over the decades. As a result this approach not only provides good quality food without chemical constituents but at the same time possess a healthy and cost effective approach to the agriculturists to cultivate an abundance of chemical-free food. The application of organic traditional inputs plays a key role in establishing an economic farming system in the modern agriculture. This chapter will be an attempt to explain the significance of organic farming and application of traditional, indigenous and cost effective approaches in the agriculture so that it will be beneficial to the farmers to perform low-input farming.


Organic farming Organic inputs Manures Soil fertility Sustainability 


  1. Bakonyi N, Bott S, Gajdos E, Szabo A, Jakab A, Toth B, Makleit P, Veres S (2013) Using biofertilizer to improve seed germination and early development of maize. Pol J Environ Stud 22(6):1595–1599Google Scholar
  2. Barbieri P, Pellerin S, Nesme T (2017) Comparing crop rotations between organic and conventional farming. Sci Rep 7:13761. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhat S, Misra KK, Sharma VK (2017) Strategies of organic farming in fruit crops. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 6:2622–2629Google Scholar
  4. Cacek T (1984) Organic farming: the other conservation farming system. J Soil Water Conserv 39:357–360Google Scholar
  5. Cacek T, Linda LL (1986) The economic implications of organic farming. Am J Altern Agric 1(1):25–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chatterjee R, Gajjela S, Thirumdasu RK (2017) Recycling of organic wastes for sustainable soil health and crop growth. Int J Waste Resour 7:296. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Devi HJ, Swamy NVC, Nagendra HR (2004) Effect of Agnihotra on the germination of rice seeds. IJTK 3(3):231–239Google Scholar
  8. Erhart E, Hartl W (2010) Compost use in organic farming. In: Lichtfouse E (ed) Genetic engineering, Biofertilisation, soil quality and organic farming, Sustainable Agriculture Reviews, vol 4. Springer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
  9. Fess TL, Benedito VA (2018) Organic versus conventional cropping sustainability: a comparative system analysis. Sustainability 10:272. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gattinger A, Haeni M, Skinner C, Fliessbach A, Buchmann N, Mader P, Stolze M, Smith P, El-Hage Scialabba N, Niggli U (2012) Enhanced top soil carbon stocks under organic farming. Proc Natl Acad 109:18226–18231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gerhardt RA (2012) A comparative analysis of the effects of organic and conventional farming systems on soil structure. Biol Agric Hortic 14:139–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Glick BR (2012) Plant growth-promoting bacteria: mechanisms and applications. Scientifica 2012:1–15, Hindawi Publishing CorporationGoogle Scholar
  13. Gopakkali P, Sharanappa (2014) Effect of organic farming practices on growth, yield, quality and economics of onion (Allium cepa) in dry zone of Karnataka. Indian J Agron 59:103–107Google Scholar
  14. Gore NS, Sreenivasa MN (2011) Influence of liquid organic manures on growth, nutrient content and yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum mill.) in the sterilized soil. Karnataka J Agric Sci 24:53–157Google Scholar
  15. Kloepper JW (2003) A review of mechanisms for plant growth promotion by PGPR. In: Reddy MS, Anandaraj M, Eapen SJ, Sarma YR, Kloepper JW (eds) 6th international PGPR workshop (Abstracts and short papers), 5–10, Indian Institute of Spices Research. Calicut, India, pp 81–92Google Scholar
  16. Lahoty P, Rana M (2013) Agnihotra Organic Farming. Pop Kheti 1(4):49–54Google Scholar
  17. Pupaliene R, Sinkevicienė A, Jodaugienė D, Bajorienė K (2015) Weed control by organic mulch in organic farming system. In: Pilipavicius V (ed) Agricultural and biological sciences weed biology and control, ISBN 978-953-51-2131-2. Google Scholar
  18. Raddy BS (2010) Organic farming: status, issues and prospects– a review. Agric AERA 23:343–358Google Scholar
  19. Roychowdhury R, Banerjee U, Sofkova S, Tah J (2013) Organic farming for crop improvement and sustainable agriculture in the era of climate change. OJBS 13(2):50–65Google Scholar
  20. Schutz L, Gattinger A, Meier M, Müller A, Boller T, Mader P, Mathimaran N (2018) Improving crop yield and nutrient use efficiency via biofertilization-a global meta-analysis. Front Plant Sci 12(8):2204. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Singh AK, Singh G, Bhatt RP, Pant S, Naglot A, Singh L (2011) Sugars waste, an alternative growth and complete medium for fast growing Rhizobium cells. Afr J Microbiol Res 5:3289–3295CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Somasundaram E, Amanullah MM (2007) Panchagavya on growth and productivity of crops: a review. Green Farming 1:22–26Google Scholar
  23. Soni R, Sharma A (2016) Vermiculture technology: a novel approach in organic farming. Indian Hortic J 6:150–154Google Scholar
  24. Soni R, Kumar A, Kanwar SS, Pabbi S (2017) Efficacy of liquid formulation of versatile rhizobacteria isolated from soils of Northern Western Himalayas on Solanum lycopersicum. IJTK 16(4):660–668Google Scholar
  25. Steiner R (1924) Geisteswissenschaftliche Grundlagen zum Gedeihen der Landwirtschaft. Rudolf Steiner Verlag, DornachGoogle Scholar
  26. Turinek M, Grobelnik-Mlakar S, Bavec M, Bavec F (2009) Biodynamic agriculture research progress and priorities. Renewable Agric Food Syst 24(2):146–154CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. U.S. Department of Agriculture (1980) Report and recommendations on organic farming. WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  28. Yadav SK, Babu S, Yadav MK, Singh K, Yadav GS, Pal S (2013) A review of organic farming for sustainable agriculture in northern India. Int J Agron 2013:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruchi Soni
    • 1
  • Sarita K. Yadav
    • 1
  1. 1.Regional Centre of Organic Farming, Department of Agriculture and CooperationMinistry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of IndiaNagpurIndia

Personalised recommendations