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Water Security Issues in Punjab State, Northwest India

  • K. P. Singh
  • Naval Kishore
Chapter

Abstract

Water security has become an issue of concern for the Punjab state in northwest India due to depletion of water levels on account of over-exploitation of groundwater, deterioration of groundwater quality due to both geogenic and anthropogenic sources and waterlogging and salinization in southwest parts. All these problems would effect and decrease the future water supplies because 90% of the drinking water supply in the state is based on groundwater. In the present chapter, major problems in relation to water security are discussed along with the management tools such as rainwater harvesting, water conservation, and recycling and reuse of waste water, besides the use of reverse osmosis technology for removal of uranium and arsenic from groundwater to enhance the water security.

Keywords

Groundwater Depletion Water security Rainwater harvesting 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. P. Singh
    • 1
  • Naval Kishore
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre of Advanced Study in GeologyPanjab UniversityChandigarhIndia

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