Industrial Wastewater Footprinting: A Need for Water Security in Indian Context

  • Shamshad Ahmad
  • Pradeep K. Majhi
  • Richa Kothari
  • Rajeev Pratap Singh


The continued population expansion with limited resources on the planet earth deteriorated the quality of the environment. To manage the water resources at regional, national and global level, the input-output models of water footprinting (WFP) in relation to the water use and consumed are taken as an objective for this chapter. Types of WFP, assessment for industrial wastewater footprinting (IWFP), associated risks with WFP and water security for sustainable growth and economy with social impacts are critically reviewed and assessed here in this chapter. Furthermore, water polices in an Indian context are also delineated to impact its role in sustainable green water footprinting (GrWFP).


Freshwater Water footprint Environmental impact Sustainability 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shamshad Ahmad
    • 1
  • Pradeep K. Majhi
    • 1
  • Richa Kothari
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rajeev Pratap Singh
    • 3
  1. 1.Bioenergy and Wastewater Treatment Laboratory, Department of Environmental SciencesBabasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar UniversityLucknowIndia
  2. 2.Department of Environmental SciencesCentral University of JammuJammuIndia
  3. 3.Institute of Environment and Sustainable DevelopmentBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

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