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Carbon Dynamics in Salt-affected Soils

  • Ashim Datta
  • Raj Setia
  • Arijit Barman
  • Yang Guo
  • Nirmalendu Basak
Chapter

Abstract

Salinity and sodicity are major constraints for crop production in arid and semiarid regions of the world. Soil fertility and atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations are strongly affected by soil organic carbon (SOC) turnover. Salt affects soil C pools and CO2 emission by (i) plant growth as well as C input reduction and (ii) reducing microbial activity and thus C turnover due to osmotic stress in saline soils or poor soil structure in sodic soils. Due to lesser plant growth, and C input, SOC content is low in salt-affected soils. This review has identified many technologies (including phytoremediation, changes in land use, organic amendments, irrigation and tillage) that have been practised to increase SOC stocks in salt-affected soils. Many models for SOC sequestration used by various agencies do not take into account the effect of salt and therefore, provide incorrect data on SOC dynamics in salt-affected soils of India and world. With the predicted increase in area affected by salinity, it is important to develop the management practices and technologies which will not only reclaim salt-affected soils but also increase carbon content to restore the fertility of these soils.

Keywords

Carbon dynamics Salt-affected soils Soil organic carbon Soil inorganic carbon Soil health Carbon pool 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashim Datta
    • 1
  • Raj Setia
    • 2
  • Arijit Barman
    • 1
  • Yang Guo
    • 3
  • Nirmalendu Basak
    • 1
  1. 1.ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research InstituteKarnalIndia
  2. 2.Punjab Remote Sensing CentreLudhianaIndia
  3. 3.Environmental Modelling Group, School of Biological SciencesUniversity of AberdeenAberdeenUK

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