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Three Generations of Construction Safety Informatics: A Review

  • Rita Yi Man LiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Recent developments in information technology, artificial intelligence, deep learning and related affordable technologies, such as wireless sensors, open-source software and web apps, have led to scientific breakthroughs in various fields, including the construction industry. In this chapter, we propose a new area of research, ‘construction safety informatics’ and introduce the idea that there have been three generations of construction safety informatics. We describe the progress of informatics, generally, in the modern era, and then its application in the construction industry. Its ontology concerning construction safety enhancement, management and data study is also reviewed. The results show that academia has mainly been concerned with the first generation of construction safety informatics which relied utterly on human control. Some researchers have started to look at the second generation, which encompasses the development of the Internet of Things (IoT) to communicate and generate the requisite data automatically. The construction industry, however, has gone one step further to develop a chatbot which can assist safety officers in filling out their safety reports.

Keywords

Construction safety informatics Information technology Artificial intelligence 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics and FinanceHong Kong Shue Yan UniversityHong KongChina

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