Bit-Plane Specific Measures and Its Applications in Analysis of Image Ciphers

  • Ram RatanEmail author
  • Arvind
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 968)


The paper presents bit-plane specific new measures to visualize the extensive statistical detail of an image. We compute the frequency of ones, maximum run length and correlation among rows (columns) in each bit-plane of an image. The computed measures give row-wise and column-wise structural detail at bit-plane level and help an interpreter to analyze given image deeply for its effective interpretation and understanding. In this paper, the application of these measures is shown in cryptography to statistically analyze the image ciphers. The simulation study shows that the proposed measures are very useful and can be applied in various image processing applications for pattern recognition and understanding of visual objects.


Bit-plane measures Image analysis Image cipher Image quality measures Qualitative measures Quantitative measures 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Scientific Analysis GroupDefence Research and Development OrganizationDelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mathematics, Hansraj CollegeUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia

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