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Phytochemistry: A Multifunctional Ecological Heritage and a Rewarding Natural Wealth

  • Nourreddine BouarourouEmail author
  • Kamal Aberkani
  • Adyl Oussaid
Chapter
Part of the Green Chemistry and Sustainable Technology book series (GCST)

Abstract

Since long times, human has been treated with plants. In nature, there are various species used for different purposes such as therapeutic, food, cosmic, dietary, chemical, pharmaceutical, agri-food, and industrial. Currently, worldwide population uses traditional medicines to meet primary healthcare needs and reduce the use of chemical drugs. Our ecosystem is a very original natural setting offering a complete range of climates favoring a rich and varied medicinal flora. In recent decades, sector of medicinal plants became very popular and focus on traditional medicine, pharmaceutical industry, food industry, manufacture of natural perfume, soap, esthetics products, insecticides, and disinfectants, etc. This chapter presents a bibliographic overview on the biodiversity of medicinal plants and theirs chemicals compounds.

Keywords

Alkaloids Biodiversity Carbohydrates Essential oil Flavonoids Medicinal plants Phytochemistry Phytotherapy Polyphenols Rosmarinic acid 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nourreddine Bouarourou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kamal Aberkani
    • 2
  • Adyl Oussaid
    • 3
  1. 1.TaourirtMorocco
  2. 2.Department of Biology and Geology, Faculty Multidisciplinary of NadorUniversity Mohamed FirstSelouaneMorocco
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Faculty Multidisciplinary of NadorUniversity Mohamed FirstSelouaneMorocco

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