The Revolution and the Post-Revolution Political Arena
This chapter analyzes the roots of the Tunisian revolution and the post-revolution situation of the country from a political sociology perspective. It begins by exploring the authoritarian bargain between the regime and the society and how it had gradually weakened. Then, it delves into the difficult and long democratic transition process with its multiple stages including the elections of 2011 and 2014. It argues that the constitutional edifice adopted in January 2014, after more than two years of intense interactions between the political parties and the civil society, shall be enacted in practice. Finally, it diagnoses the cohesion of the Tunisian society, identifies the evolution of its drivers and suggests the way forward for its consolidation.
- Achy, L. (2011) “Tunisia’s economic challenges,” The Carnegie Papers, Carnegie Middle East Center, December 2011.Google Scholar
- Arieff, A. (2012) “Political transition in Tunisia,” Congressional Research Service.Google Scholar
- Ben Achour, Y. (2012) “Religion, revolution, and constitution: The case of Tunisia,” Lecture at the Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Harvard University, 17 September 2012.Google Scholar
- Ben Achour, Y. (2015) “La constitution tunisienne permet au musulman de sortir de sa religion!” Interview in www.espacemanager.com.
- Ben Miled, M. (1956) “Tunisia between the East and the West,” lecture in April 11, 1956, Tunis. Tunisian Society of Art Printing.Google Scholar
- Boukhars, A. (2015) “The reckoning Tunisia’s perilous path to democratic stability,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.Google Scholar
- Charfi, M. (2005) “Islam and liberty: The historical misunderstanding,” Albin Michel, Paris, 1998, Zed Books, London and New York.Google Scholar
- Dhif, K. (2015) “‘Tunisian exception’ teaches democratic lessons” interview of Yadh Ben Achour, www.swissinfo.ch/eng/global-forum-in-tunis_-tunisian-exception%2D%2Dteaches-democratic-lessons/41426492?ns_mchannel=rss.
- Enneifer, E. (2011) “A testimony on the founding years,” in “From the control of Ben Ali to the Jasmin revolution: The political Islam in Tunisia” (in Arab), Almesbar Studies and Research Centre, Dubai, UAE.Google Scholar
- Gherib, B. (2012) “The political economy of the Tunisian revolution: Social groups versus crony capitalism,” Revue Tiers Monde, No. 212, 2012/4.Google Scholar
- Ghorbel, S. (2006) “Mokhtar Latiri,” http://www.jeuneafrique.com/132277/archives-thematique/mokhtar-latiri/.
- Haddad, M. (2011) “Political Islam in Tunisia after the Jasmin Revolution,” in “From the Control of Ben Ali to the Jasmin Revolution: The Political Islam in Tunisia” (in Arab), Almesbar Studies and Research Centre, Dubai, UAE.Google Scholar
- Hibou, B. (2011) “The Tunisian Revolution did not come out of nowhere,” Interview with Sadri Khiari, April 2011, www.pambazuka.net/en/category.php/features/73574.
- Kaplan, S. and M. Freeman (2015) “Inclusive transitions framework,” Institute for Integrated Transitions, July 2015.Google Scholar
- Leaders News (2011) “Les grèves et les sit in: la médication de Mohamed Ennaceur,” Leaders NEWS, 9 December 2011.Google Scholar
- Malitza, M. (1976) “L’intégration de la culture dans le nouvel ordre” in La culture est inséparable du processus de développement économique et social, Cultures, Vol. III, N° 4, 101–110.Google Scholar
- Marks, M. (2014) “Convince, coerce, or compromise? Ennahda’s approach to Tunisia’s constitution,” Brookings Doha Center Publications, Analysis Paper, No. 30, The Brookings Doha Center.Google Scholar
- Maxwell, J. (1996) “Social dimensions of economic growth,” Eric John Hanson Memorial Lecture Series, Vol. 8, University of Alberta.Google Scholar
- Monaldi, F., R. A. González de Pacheco, R. Obuchi and M. Penfold (2006) “Political institutions, policymaking processes, and policy outcomes in Venezuela,” Research Network Working Paper No. R-507.Google Scholar
- Nabi, M. S. (2011) “L’intelligence des Tunisiens, leur lucidité et leur solidarité leur permettront d’inventer leur propre chemin démocratique,” Leaders.com, opinions, 25 February 2011.
- Parra, C. and F. Moulaert (2011) “La nature de la durabilité sociale: vers une lecture socioculturelle du développement territorial durable,” Développement durable et territoires Vol. 2, No. 2, “Culture et développement durable: vers quel ordre social?”.Google Scholar
- Stiglitz, J. E. (2011) “The Tunisian catalyst,” Project Syndicate, 4 February 2011.Google Scholar
- Verhelst T. (2000) “Mondialisation, culture et spiritualité,” Cultures et Développement.Google Scholar