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Role of X-Rays in Assessment of Bone Mineral Density—A Review

  • S. M. Nazia FathimaEmail author
  • R. Tamilselvi
  • M. Parisa Beham
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Networks and Systems book series (LNNS, volume 65)

Abstract

Application of X-rays in healthcare applications is the energetic field involving more research challenges. The physician uses conventional or traditional X-ray images of the bone which is the majority used imaging modality to treat bone diseases, which disclose the potential for new medical applications. Inspired by the special characteristics, novelty and wide applications of X-ray, this work provides a comprehensive survey on the role of X-ray in the medical field. X-ray involves bone mineral density (BMD) measurement which is the conventional method to assess the fracture risk. Even though a lot of papers are describing the methods involved in X-ray, this paper explains the current trends with the advantages and disadvantages of X-ray in the medical field. Principles, fundamentals and characteristics of X-ray in the emerging area of biomedicine are also well described. The various recent works related to the principle, BMD measurement and analysis methods of X-ray are also discussed.

Keywords

Medical field Health care X-ray images Bone mineral density (BMD) Osteoporosis 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. M. Nazia Fathima
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. Tamilselvi
    • 1
  • M. Parisa Beham
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ECESethu Institute of TechnologyVirudhunagarIndia

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