Halophytic Plant Diversity of Duzdag Area in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic: Azerbaijan

  • Nuri Vagif Movsumova
  • Sayyara Jamshid Ibadullayeva


Based on the typological classification and characteristics of the landscape of the Nakhchivan, the Duzdag lands are characterized by saline soils distributed on some slopes. Salts are accumulated intensively beneath the top soil on the slopes of Duzdag. These play a special role in the establishment of halophytes. In view of this, the flora of Duzdag area of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic was studied. The phytocoenosis generated by the halophytes in the arid and semiarid desert and heath and among the mountainous xerophytic plants was evaluated. In all 287 species of vascular plants are distributed in the area. The families are dominated by Chenopodiaceae (43 species), Asteraceae (34 species), Fabaceae (18 species), Brassicaceae (17 species), Poaceae (16 species), Apiaceae (14 species), and Lamiaceae (11 species). The ecobiomorphological analysis of the plant diversity has revealed that xerophytes (172 species) dominate the area among the ecological groups. The populations of the species of plants such as Capparis herbacea, Salvia limbata, and Daucus carota, which are spread throughout the main phytocenological complexes of natural plants and used for medicinal purposes, are distributed here. The dynamics of annual productivity has been determined. The ecophytocenotic characteristics and ontogenetic features of every species forming the genetic spectrum were noted together with the state of cenopopulations. The Daucus carota topsoil is 313 ha/kg, and underground portion is 45.5 ha/kg; young fruits in Capparis herbacea are 310.1 ha/kg, and mature fruits are 421.1 ha/kg; and topsoil of g2 and g3 phases in Salvia limbata ranges from 13.158–101.979 ha/kg to 18.641–94.303 ha/kg. The carrying capacity of pastures has been calculated for the area, and ephemeral wormwood groups (overall capacity of phytocoenosis – 375 heads of small cattle, 128 heads of big cattle) of spring associations and phytocoenoses of wormwood formation as winter grazing (capacity – 244 heads of small cattle, 81 heads of big cattle) have accordingly been referred to a group of good-quality pastures.


The Duzdag lands Halophytes Phytocenosis Fodder and medicinal plants 


  1. Aliyev JA, Akparov ZI, Mammadov AT (2008) Biological diversity. Elm, Baku, p 232Google Scholar
  2. Altay V, Öztürk M (2012) Land degradation and halophytic plant diversity of Milleyha Wetland Ecosystem (Samandağ-Hatay), Turkey. Pak J Bot 44:37–50Google Scholar
  3. Babayev SY (1999) Geography of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. Elm, Baku, p 227Google Scholar
  4. Ghazanfar SA, Altundag E, Yaprak AE, Osborne J, Tug GN, Vural M (2014) Halophytes of Southwest Asia. In: Khan MA et al (eds) Sabkha ecosystems: Volume IV: Cash crop halophyte and biodiversity conservation, Tasks for Vegetation Science 47. Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht, pp 105–133CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Guliyev AG (2008) Some features of terrestrial waters Kangarli and Boyuk Duz regions in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. Trans Azerbaijan Agric Acad I:55–57Google Scholar
  6. Güvensen A, Gork G, Öztürk M (2006) An overview of the halophytes in Turkey. In: Khan MA, Böer B, Kust BS, Barth HJ (eds) Sabkha ecosystems: West and Central Asia. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 9–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Hajiyev SA (2009) Ecological and geographical conditions of the lands Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic. MVM, Baku, p 107Google Scholar
  8. Hajiyеv VJ, Malikоv RK (1999) The history of formation desert vegetation type and Artemisieta in Azerbaijan. J ANAS 1–2:186–191Google Scholar
  9. Hajiyеv VJ, Talibov TCh, Ibrachimov ASh (2009) The vegetation of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic (Typological units of vegetation). State Land and Cartography Committee of Nakhchivan Autonomous RepublicGoogle Scholar
  10. Hong-Yen H, Yuh-Pan C, Mina H (1982) The chemical constituents of oriental herbs, Oriental Healing Arts Inst. OUP, Los Angeles, p 1546Google Scholar
  11. Ibadullayeva SJ (2004) Apiaceae of the flora Azerbaijan. Elm, Baku, p 321Google Scholar
  12. Ibadullayeva SJ, Nabiyeva P (2012) Desertification reasons in Kur-Araz lowland and the Araz River. In: Azerbaijan lands: genesis, geography, melting, rational use and ecology transactions by International Scientific Conference, vol I. Elm, Baku, pp 256–259Google Scholar
  13. Ibrachimov ASh (2007) The vegetation of the Nakhichevan autonomous republic, its productivity and botanical-geographical zoning. Baku. 44 ppGoogle Scholar
  14. Ibrahimov A.Sh. (2005) Vegetation of the Nakhichevan autonomous republic and its folk medicinal importance. Elm, Baku, p 230Google Scholar
  15. Mayer A, Tikka P (2006) Biodiversity conservation incentive programs for privately owned forests. Environ Sci Pol 9:614–625CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Medicinal plants and their using (1976) Nauka and technique, MinskGoogle Scholar
  17. Movsumova PG (1999) Desert vegetation of the Nakhichevan autonomous republic and its useful plants. Flora Azerbaijan: use and protection of vegetation. Elm, Baku, pp 247–251Google Scholar
  18. Nabiyeva F, Ibadullayeva S (2012) Development appropriatenesses of deserting processes in The Kap and The Paar. Glob Adv Res J Geogr Reg Plann 1(5):83–87Google Scholar
  19. Nikolaeva VG (1964) Materials and research of folk medicinal plants of Belarus. Avtore. PhdGoogle Scholar
  20. Ogutcu H, Sokmen A, Sokmen M, Polissiou M, Serkedjieva J, Daferera D, Shahin F, Barish O, Gulluce M (2008) Bioactivities of the various extracts and essential oils of Salvia limbata C.A.Mey. and Salvia sclarea L. Turk J Biol 32:181–192Google Scholar
  21. Öztürk M, Guvensen A, Gucel S (2008a) Ecology and economic potential of halophytes: a case study from Turkey. In: Kafi M, Khan MA (eds) Crop and forage production using saline waters. Chapter 21. NAM S & T Centre, Daya Publishing House, Delhi, pp 255–264Google Scholar
  22. Öztürk M, Güvensen A, Gork G (2008b) Halophyte plant diversity in the Irano-Turanian phytogeographical region of Turkey. In: Abdely C, Öztürk M, Ashraf M, Grignon C (eds) Biosaline agriculture and salinity tolerance. Birkhauser Verlag, Basel, pp 141–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Öztürk M, Altay V, Gucel S, Guvensen A (2014) Halophytes in the East Mediterranean – their medicinal and other economical values. In: Khan MA et al (eds) Sabkha ecosystems: volume IV: cash crop halophyte and biodiversity conservation, Tasks for Vegetation Science 47. Springer Science+Business Media, Dordrecht, pp 247–272CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Öztürk M, Altay V, Altundağ E, Gücel S (2016) Chapter 18: Halophytic plant diversity of unique habitats in Turkey: salt mine caves of Çankırı and Iğdır. In: Khan MA et al (eds) Halophytes for food security in dry lands. Elsevier, New York, pp 291–315CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Öztürk M, Altay V, Gucel S, Altundağ E (2017) Plant diversity of the drylands in Southeast Anatolia-Turkey: role in human health and food security. In: Ansari AA, Gill SS (eds) Plant biodiversity: monitoring, assessment and conservation. Chapter 5. CABI, UK, pp 83–124CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Öztürk M, Altundağ E, Ibadullayeva SJ, Altay V, Aslanipour B (2018a) A comparative analysis of medicinal and aromatic plants used in the traditional medicine of Iğdır (Turkey), Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan), and Tabriz (Iran). Pak J Bot 50(1):337–343Google Scholar
  27. Öztürk M, Altay V, Altundağ E, Ibadullayeva SJ, Aslanipour B (2018b) Herbals in Iğdır (Turkey), Nakhcivan (Azerbaijan), and Tabriz (Iran). In: Öztürk M, Hakeem KH (eds) Plants and human health, vol 1. Springer. (In press)Google Scholar
  28. Öztürk M, Altay V, Güvensen A (2018c) Sustainable use of halophytic taxa as food and fodder – an important genetic resource in Southwest Asia. In: Hasanuzzaman et al (eds) Ecophysiology, abiotic stress responses and utilization of halophytes. Springer. (In press)Google Scholar
  29. Report of working group on medicinal and aromatic plant (2007) ECPGR. Biodiversity international. Second meeting, 16–18 December, Strumica, Macedonia FYR; Third meeting, 26–28 June 2007, Olomouc, Czech Republic. 242 pp (Azerbaijan reports)Google Scholar
  30. Salayev ME, Aliyev ChA (1991) Diagnostics and classification of Azerbaijani lands. 240 ppGoogle Scholar
  31. Shennikov АP (1964) Introduction to geobotany. Leningrad, 447 ppGoogle Scholar
  32. Zacharov SA (1939) Lands of Nakhichevan ASSR. Baku. 195 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nuri Vagif Movsumova
    • 1
  • Sayyara Jamshid Ibadullayeva
    • 1
  1. 1.The Institute of Botany of ANASBakuAzerbaijan

Personalised recommendations