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Halophytic Plant Diversity of Duzdag Area in Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic: Azerbaijan

  • Nuri Vagif Movsumova
  • Sayyara Jamshid Ibadullayeva
Chapter

Abstract

Based on the typological classification and characteristics of the landscape of the Nakhchivan, the Duzdag lands are characterized by saline soils distributed on some slopes. Salts are accumulated intensively beneath the top soil on the slopes of Duzdag. These play a special role in the establishment of halophytes. In view of this, the flora of Duzdag area of Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic was studied. The phytocoenosis generated by the halophytes in the arid and semiarid desert and heath and among the mountainous xerophytic plants was evaluated. In all 287 species of vascular plants are distributed in the area. The families are dominated by Chenopodiaceae (43 species), Asteraceae (34 species), Fabaceae (18 species), Brassicaceae (17 species), Poaceae (16 species), Apiaceae (14 species), and Lamiaceae (11 species). The ecobiomorphological analysis of the plant diversity has revealed that xerophytes (172 species) dominate the area among the ecological groups. The populations of the species of plants such as Capparis herbacea, Salvia limbata, and Daucus carota, which are spread throughout the main phytocenological complexes of natural plants and used for medicinal purposes, are distributed here. The dynamics of annual productivity has been determined. The ecophytocenotic characteristics and ontogenetic features of every species forming the genetic spectrum were noted together with the state of cenopopulations. The Daucus carota topsoil is 313 ha/kg, and underground portion is 45.5 ha/kg; young fruits in Capparis herbacea are 310.1 ha/kg, and mature fruits are 421.1 ha/kg; and topsoil of g2 and g3 phases in Salvia limbata ranges from 13.158–101.979 ha/kg to 18.641–94.303 ha/kg. The carrying capacity of pastures has been calculated for the area, and ephemeral wormwood groups (overall capacity of phytocoenosis – 375 heads of small cattle, 128 heads of big cattle) of spring associations and phytocoenoses of wormwood formation as winter grazing (capacity – 244 heads of small cattle, 81 heads of big cattle) have accordingly been referred to a group of good-quality pastures.

Keywords

The Duzdag lands Halophytes Phytocenosis Fodder and medicinal plants 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nuri Vagif Movsumova
    • 1
  • Sayyara Jamshid Ibadullayeva
    • 1
  1. 1.The Institute of Botany of ANASBakuAzerbaijan

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