Patient Position and Trocar Placement for Upper Urinary Tract Surgery

  • Qingbo Huang
  • Kan Liu
  • Xin Ma
  • Xu ZhangEmail author


When surgery is performed through retroperitoneal approach, lateral position or prone position can be selected [1–3] Lateral position with retroperitoneal approach is our preferred choice [4–6] and will be further described.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. and People's Medical Publishing House 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologyThe First Medical Center, Chinese PLA General HospitalBeijingChina

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