The Indonesian Struggle for Survival, 1945–1949

  • Van Thuy PhamEmail author


This chapter discusses the initial attempts to establish economic nationalism made by the Republican government in Indonesia during the revolutionary period between 1945 and 1949. It describes the smooth transformation from the economic institutions of the Japanese administration to a national system immediately after independence. However, with the return of the Dutch colonial forces to the Archipelago, the Indonesian leadership showed ambivalence in its ideologies and approaches to the economic system it desired. This chapter also analyzes the changes in economic policy made by the Republican government in its efforts to bolster its diplomatic negotiations for political independence. Without downgrading the importance of the interventions by the United States, it will be argued that the economic concessions made by the Indonesian delegations at the Round Table Conference were an important factor in making the Netherlands finally agree to a transfer of sovereignty to Indonesia in November 1949.


The Republic of Indonesia Indonesian revolution Indonesian 1945 constitution Dutch police action Round table conference agreement 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Social Sciences and HumanitiesVietnam National University, HanoiHanoiVietnam

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