Impact of Overcurrent Protection Coordination on the Location of the Distributed Generation Sources

  • Noor Zaihah JamalEmail author
  • Mohd Herwan Sulaiman
  • Omar Aliman
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 538)


In presence of the Distributed Generation (DG) brought new challenges to the protection engineers since novel coordination scheme is no longer appropriate with the penetration of the DG. The extreme case is violation to the primary and backup relay selectivity constraint. This violation will have resulted to the degradation of the relay performance. Therefore, this paper proposes the best location of the DG penetration to decrease the effect of the DG presentation to the relay performance using the grey wolf optimization (GWO) algorithm. The impacts of the DG prior to the location of the insertion are implemented to the radial 7 bus test system. As a consequence, the best location of the DG penetration is then identified.


Grey wolf optimization Distributed generation Protection coordination 



This work was supported by Universiti Malaysia Pahang under grant no. RDU1803101.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noor Zaihah Jamal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohd Herwan Sulaiman
    • 2
  • Omar Aliman
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering TechnologyUnivesiti Malaysia PahangGambangMalaysia
  2. 2.Faculty of Electrical & Electronics EngineeringUnivesiti Malaysia PahangPekanMalaysia

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