Advertisement

Technologies for Promoting Social Participation in Later Life

  • Marcos BaezEmail author
  • Radoslaw Nielek
  • Fabio Casati
  • Adam Wierzbicki
Chapter

Abstract

Social participation is known to bring great benefits to the health and well-being of people as they age. From being in contact with others to engaging in group activities, keeping socially active can help slow down the effects of age-related declines and reduce risks of loneliness and social isolation and even mortality in old age. There are unfortunately a variety of barriers that make it difficult for older adults to engage in social activities on a regular basis. In this chapter, we give an overview of the challenges to social participation and discuss how technology can help overcome these barriers and promote participation in social activities. We examine two particular research threads and designs, exploring ways in which technology can support colocated and virtual participation: (i) an application that motivates the virtual participation in group training programs and (ii) a location-based game that supports colocated intergenerational ICT training classes. We discuss the effectiveness and limitations of various design choices in the two use cases and outline the lessons learned.

Keywords

Social interaction Active aging Older adults Persuasion Technology 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work has received funding from the EU Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under the Marie Skodowska-Curie grant agreement No 690962.

References

  1. Aalbers, T., Baars, M. A. E., & Rikkert, M. O. (2011). Characteristics of effective Internet-mediated interventions to change lifestyle in people aged 50 and older: A systematic review. Ageing Research Reviews, 10(4), 487–497.Google Scholar
  2. Ajrouch, K. J., Blandon, A. Y., & Antonucci, T. C. (2005). Social networks among men and women: The effects of age and socioeconomic status. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 60(6), S311–S317.Google Scholar
  3. Aldridge, F., & Lavender, P. (2000). The impact of learning on health. Leicester, United Kingdom: National Institute of Adult Continuing Education.Google Scholar
  4. Allport, G. W. (1954). The nature of prejudice. Oxford, England: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  5. Baez, M., & Casati, F. (2018). Agile development for vulnerable populations: Lessons learned and recommendations. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Software Engineering. IEEE Press.Google Scholar
  6. Baez, M., Far, I. K., Ibarra, F., Ferron, M., Didino, D., & Casati, F. (2017). Effects of online group exercises for older adults on physical, psychological and social wellbeing: A randomized pilot trial. PeerJ, 5, e3150.Google Scholar
  7. Báez, M., Ibarra, F., Far, I. K., Ferron, M., & Casati, F. (2016, October). Online group-exercises for older adults of different physical abilities. In 2016 International Conference on Collaboration Technologies and Systems (CTS) (pp. 524–533). IEEE.Google Scholar
  8. Balcerzak, B., & Nielek, R. (2017, October). Golden years, golden shores: A study of elders in online travel communities. In 2017 7th International Conference on Computer and Knowledge Engineering (ICCKE) (pp. 199–204). IEEE.Google Scholar
  9. Barbosa Neves, B., Franz, R., Judges, R., Beermann, C., & Baecker, R. (2017). Can digital technology enhance social connectedness among older adults? A feasibility study. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 0733464817741369.Google Scholar
  10. Barnard, Y., Bradley, M. D., Hodgson, F., & Lloyd, A. D. (2013). Learning to use new technologies by older adults: Perceived difficulties, experimentation behaviour and usability. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(4), 1715–1724.Google Scholar
  11. Berkman, L. F., Glass, T., Brissette, I., & Seeman, T. E. (2000). From social integration to health: Durkheim in the new millennium. Social Science and Medicine, 51(6), 843–857.Google Scholar
  12. Bower, B. (1997). Social links may counter health risks. Science News, 152(9), 135.Google Scholar
  13. Carmichael, A., Rice, M., MacMillan, F., & Kirk, A. (2010, September). Investigating a DTV-based physical activity application to facilitate wellbeing in older adults. In Proceedings of the 24th BCS Interaction Specialist Group Conference (pp. 278–288). British Computer Society.Google Scholar
  14. Cattan, M., White, M., Bond, J., & Learmouth, A. (2005). Preventing social isolation and loneliness among older people: A systematic review of health promotion interventions. Ageing & Society, 25(1), 41–67.Google Scholar
  15. Ceriani, M., Bottoni, P., Ventura, S., & Talamo, A. (2014, May). Collaborative multimedia content creation and sharing by older adults. In Proceedings of the 2014 International Working Conference on Advanced Visual Interfaces (pp. 345–346). ACM.Google Scholar
  16. Chaffin, A. J., & Harlow, S. D. (2005). Cognitive learning applied to older adult learners and technology. Educational Gerontology, 31(4), 301–329.Google Scholar
  17. Chao, Y. Y., Scherer, Y. K., & Montgomery, C. A. (2015). Effects of using Nintendo Wii™ exergames in older adults: A review of the literature. Journal of Aging and Health, 27(3), 379–402.Google Scholar
  18. Charness, N., & Bosman, E. A. (1990). Human factors and design for older adults. In Handbook of the psychology of aging (3rd ed., pp. 446–464).Google Scholar
  19. Chua, P. H., Jung, Y., Lwin, M. O., & Theng, Y. L. (2013). Let’s play together: Effects of video-game play on intergenerational perceptions among youth and elderly participants. Computers in Human Behavior, 29(6), 2303–2311.Google Scholar
  20. Consel, C. (2018). Assistive computing: A human-centered approach to developing computing support for cognition. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Software Engineering. IEEE Press.Google Scholar
  21. Daft, R. L., & Lengel, R. H. (1986). Organizational information requirements, media richness and structural design. Management Science, 32(5), 554–571.Google Scholar
  22. De Groot, G. C. L., & Fagerström, L. (2011). Older adults’ motivating factors and barriers to exercise to prevent falls. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 18(2), 153–160.Google Scholar
  23. De Jong Gierveld, J., Van Tilburg, T., & Dykstra, P. (2006). Loneliness and Social Isolation. In A. Vangelisti & D. Perlman (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Personal Relationships, Cambridge Handbooks in Psychology (pp. 485–500). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Dench, S., & Regan, J. (2000). Learning in later life: Motivation and impact. Great Britain: Department for Education and Employment.Google Scholar
  25. DiMaggio, P., Hargittai, E., Neuman, W. R., & Robinson, J. P. (2001). Social implications of the Internet. Annual Review of Sociology, 27(1), 307–336.Google Scholar
  26. Edmondson, B. (2010). All the lonely people. AARP: The Magazine, 83.Google Scholar
  27. Far, I. K., Ferron, M., Ibarra, F., Baez, M., Tranquillini, S., Casati, F., et al. (2015). The interplay of physical and social wellbeing in older adults: Investigating the relationship between physical training and social interactions with virtual social environments. PeerJ Computer Science, 1, e30.Google Scholar
  28. Far, I. K., Ibarra, F., Baez, M., & Casati, F. (2014). Virtual social gym: A persuasive training platform for independently living seniors. Persuasive Technology.Google Scholar
  29. Far, I. K., Nikitina, S., Baez, M., Taran, E. A., & Casati, F. (2016). Fitness applications for home-based training. IEEE Pervasive Computing, 15(4), 56–65.Google Scholar
  30. Far, I. K., Silveira, P., Casati, F., & Baez, M. (2012). Unifying platform for the physical, mental and social well-being of the elderly. In Embedded and multimedia computing technology and service (pp. 385–392). Dordrecht: Springer.Google Scholar
  31. Fisk, A. D., Rogers, W. A., Charness, N., Czaja, S. J., & Sharit, J. (2009). Designing for older adults: Principles and creative human factors approaches.Google Scholar
  32. Fogg, B. J. (2002). Persuasive technology: Using computers to change what we think and do. Ubiquity, 2002 (December), 5.Google Scholar
  33. Fratiglioni, L., Wang, H. X., Ericsson, K., Maytan, M., & Winblad, B. (2000). Influence of social network on occurrence of dementia: A community-based longitudinal study. The Lancet, 355(9212), 1315–1319.Google Scholar
  34. Gajadhar, B. J., Nap, H. H., de Kort, Y. A., & IJsselsteijn, W. A. (2010, September). Out of sight, out of mind: Co-player effects on seniors’ player experience. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Fun and Games (pp. 74–83). ACM.Google Scholar
  35. Geraedts, H. A., Zijlstra, W., Zhang, W., Spoorenberg, S. L., Báez, M., Far, I. K., et al. (2017). A home-based exercise program driven by tablet application and mobility monitoring for frail older adults: Feasibility and practical implications. Preventing Chronic Disease, 14, E12–E12.Google Scholar
  36. Githens, R. P. (2007). Older adults and e-learning: Opportunities and barriers. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 8(4), 329.Google Scholar
  37. Graney, M. J. (1975). Happiness and social participation in aging. Journal of Gerontology, 30(6), 701–706.Google Scholar
  38. Grinberg, A. M., Careaga, J. S., Mehl, M. R., & O’Connor, M. F. (2014). Social engagement and user immersion in a socially based virtual world. Computers in Human Behavior, 36, 479–486.Google Scholar
  39. Harvey, J. A., Chastin, S. F., & Skelton, D. A. (2013). Prevalence of sedentary behavior in older adults: A systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 10(12), 6645–6661.Google Scholar
  40. Havens, B., Hall, M., Sylvestre, G., & Jivan, T. (2004). Social isolation and loneliness: Differences between older rural and urban Manitobans. Canadian Journal on Aging/La Revue canadienne du vieillissement, 23(2), 129–140.Google Scholar
  41. Haythornthwaite, C. (2005). Social networks and Internet connectivity effects. Information, Community & Society, 8(2), 125–147.Google Scholar
  42. Heikkinen, R. L., & Kauppinen, M. (2004). Depressive symptoms in late life: A 10-year follow-up. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 38(3), 239–250.Google Scholar
  43. Ibarra, F., Baez, M., Fiore, F., & Casati, F. (2018). Designing for co-located and virtual social interactions in residential care. In Proceedings of the 2018 ACM Conference Companion Publication on Designing Interactive Systems. ACM.Google Scholar
  44. Ibarra, F., Kowailk, G., Baez, M., Nielek, R., Lau, N., Cernuzzi, L., & Casati, F. (2018). Designing for co-located and virtual social interactions in residential care. In Proceedings of the 2018 ACM Conference Companion Publication on Designing Interactive Systems. ACM.Google Scholar
  45. Kopeć, W., Abramczuk, K., Balcerzak, B., Juźwin, M., Gniadzik, K., Kowalik, G., & Nielek, R. (2017). A location-based game for two generations: Teaching mobile technology to the elderly with the support of young volunteers. In eHealth 360° (pp. 84–91). Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  46. Kopeć, W., Skorupska, K., Jaskulska, A., Abramczuk, K., Nielek, R., & Wierzbicki, A. (2017, August). LivingLab PJAIT: Towards better urban participation of seniors. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Web Intelligence (pp. 1085–1092). ACM.Google Scholar
  47. Kowalik, G., & Nielek, R. (2016, November). Senior programmers: Characteristics of elderly users from stack overflow. In International Conference on Social Informatics (pp. 87–96). Cham: Springer.Google Scholar
  48. Kurniawan, S., & Zaphiris, P. (2005, October). Derived web design guidelines for older people. In Proceedings of the 7th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility (pp. 129–135). ACM.Google Scholar
  49. Landi, F., Abbatecola, A. M., Provinciali, M., Corsonello, A., Bustacchini, S., Manigrasso, L., et al. (2010). Moving against frailty: Does physical activity matter? Biogerontology, 11(5), 537–545.Google Scholar
  50. Lazar, A., Thompson, H., & Demiris, G. (2014). A systematic review of the use of technology for reminiscence therapy. Health Education & Behavior, 41(1_suppl), 51S–61S.Google Scholar
  51. Leonardi, C., Mennecozzi, C., Not, E., Pianesi, F., & Zancanaro, M. (2008). Supporting older adults social network: The design of e-inclusion communication services. In 6th International Conference of the International Society for Gerontechnology, ISG08.Google Scholar
  52. Levasseur, M., Desrosiers, J., & Tribble, D. S. C. (2008). Subjective quality-of-life predictors for older adults with physical disabilities. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 87(10), 830–841.Google Scholar
  53. Levasseur, M., Richard, L., Gauvin, L., & Raymond, É. (2010). Inventory and analysis of definitions of social participation found in the aging literature: Proposed taxonomy of social activities. Social Science and Medicine, 71(12), 2141–2149.Google Scholar
  54. Menec, V. H., & Chipperfield, J. G. (1997). Remaining active in later life: The role of locus of control in seniors’ leisure activity participation, health, and life satisfaction. Journal of Aging and Health, 9(1), 105–125.Google Scholar
  55. Montross, L. P., Depp, C., Daly, J., Reichstadt, J., Golshan, S., Moore, D., … Jeste, D. V. (2006). Correlates of self-rated successful aging among community-dwelling older adults. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14(1), 43–51.Google Scholar
  56. Musick, M. A., & Wilson, J. (2003). Volunteering and depression: The role of psychological and social resources in different age groups. Social Science and Medicine, 56(2), 259–269.Google Scholar
  57. Ng, C. H. (2007). Motivation among older adults in learning computing technologies: A grounded model. Educational Gerontology, 34(1), 1–14.Google Scholar
  58. Nielek, R., Lutostańska, M., Kopeć, W., & Wierzbicki, A. (2017, August). Turned 70?: It is time to start editing Wikipedia. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Web Intelligence (pp. 899–906). ACM.Google Scholar
  59. Nikitina, S., Didino, D., Baez, M., & Casati, F. (2018). Feasibility of virtual tablet-based group exercise among older adults in Siberia: Findings from two pilot trials. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 6(2).Google Scholar
  60. Oinas-Kukkonen, H., & Harjumaa, M. (2008, June). A systematic framework for designing and evaluating persuasive systems. In International Conference on Persuasive Technology (pp. 164–176). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.Google Scholar
  61. Pedell, S., Beh, J., Mozuna, K., & Duong, S. (2013, November). Engaging older adults in activity group settings playing games on touch tablets. In Proceedings of the 25th Australian Computer-Human Interaction Conference: Augmentation, Application, Innovation, Collaboration (pp. 477–480). ACM.Google Scholar
  62. Peek, S. T., Luijkx, K. G., Rijnaard, M. D., Nieboer, M. E., van der Voort, C. S., Aarts, S., … Wouters, E. J. (2016). Older adults’ reasons for using technology while aging in place. Gerontology, 62(2), 226–237.Google Scholar
  63. Pettigrew, T. F. (1998). Intergroup contact theory. Annual Review of Psychology, 49(1), 65–85.Google Scholar
  64. Phillips, E. M., Schneider, J. C., & Mercer, G. R. (2004). Motivating elders to initiate and maintain exercise. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 85, 52–57.Google Scholar
  65. Pinquart, M., & Sorensen, S. (2001). Influences on loneliness in older adults: A meta-analysis. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 23(4), 245–266.Google Scholar
  66. Ragheb, M. G., & Griffith, C. A. (1982). The contribution of leisure participation and leisure satisfaction to life satisfaction of older persons. Journal of Leisure Research, 14(4), 295–306.Google Scholar
  67. Rice, M., Tan, W. P., Ong, J., Yau, L. J., Wan, M., & Ng, J. (2013, April). The dynamics of younger and older adult’s paired behavior when playing an interactive silhouette game. In Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1081–1090). ACM.Google Scholar
  68. Rice, M., Yau, L. J., Ong, J., Wan, M., & Ng, J. (2012, May). Intergenerational gameplay: Evaluating social interaction between younger and older players. In CHI’12 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 2333–2338). ACM.Google Scholar
  69. Rosso, A. L., Taylor, J. A., Tabb, L. P., & Michael, Y. L. (2013). Mobility, disability, and social engagement in older adults. Journal of Aging and Health, 25(4), 617–637.Google Scholar
  70. Scharlach, A. (2012). Creating aging-friendly communities in the United States. Ageing International, 37(1), 25–38.Google Scholar
  71. Silveira, P., Van De Langenberg, R., Van Het Reve, E., Daniel, F., Casati, F., & De Bruin, E. D. (2013). Tablet-based strength-balance training to motivate and improve adherence to exercise in independently living older people: A phase II preclinical exploratory trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 15(8).Google Scholar
  72. Siriaraya, P., Ang, C. S., & Bobrowicz, A. (2014). Exploring the potential of virtual worlds in engaging older people and supporting healthy aging. Behaviour & Information Technology, 33(3), 283–294.Google Scholar
  73. Spirduso, W. W., & Cronin, D. L. (2001). Exercise dose–response effects on quality of life and independent living in older adults. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.Google Scholar
  74. Stuart, M., Chard, S., Benvenuti, F., & Steinwachs, S. (2008). Community exercise: A vital component to healthy aging. Healthcarepapers, 10(1), 23–28.Google Scholar
  75. Theng, Y. L., Chua, P. H., & Pham, T. P. (2012, May). Wii as entertainment and socialisation aids for mental and social health of the elderly. In CHI’12 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 691–702). ACM.Google Scholar
  76. Thibaud, M., Bloch, F., Tournoux-Facon, C., Brèque, C., Rigaud, A. S., Dugué, B., & Kemoun, G. (2012). Impact of physical activity and sedentary behaviour on fall risks in older people: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.Google Scholar
  77. Tilvis, R. S., Laitala, V., Routasalo, P. E., & Pitkälä, K. H. (2011). Suffering from loneliness indicates significant mortality risk of older people. Journal of Aging Research, 2011.Google Scholar
  78. Tilvis, R. S., Routasalo, P., Karppinen, H., Strandberg, T. E., Kautiainen, H., & Pitkala, K. H. (2012). Social isolation, social activity and loneliness as survival indicators in old age; A nationwide survey with a 7-year follow-up. European Geriatric Medicine, 3(1), 18–22.Google Scholar
  79. Tong, S., & Walther, J. B. (2011). Relational maintenance and CMC. In Computer-mediated communication in personal relationships (Vol. 53, pp. 98–118).Google Scholar
  80. Webber, S. C., Porter, M. M., & Menec, V. H. (2010). Mobility in older adults: A comprehensive framework. The Gerontologist, 50(4), 443–450.Google Scholar
  81. Wenger, G. C., Davies, R., Shahtahmasebi, S., & Scott, A. (1996). Social isolation and loneliness in old age: Review and model refinement. Ageing & Society, 16(3), 333–358.Google Scholar
  82. Wilmot, E. G., Edwardson, C. L., Achana, F. A., Davies, M. J., Gorely, T., Gray, L. J., … Biddle, S. J. (2012). Sedentary time in adults and the association with diabetes, cardiovascular disease and death: Systematic review and meta-analysis.Google Scholar
  83. Wilson, J., & Musick, M. A. (1999, June). Attachment to volunteering. In Sociological forum (Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 243–272). Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers.Google Scholar
  84. Wójcicki, T. R., Fanning, J., Awick, E. A., Olson, E. A., Motl, R. W., & McAuley, E. (2014). Maintenance effects of a DVD-delivered exercise intervention on physical function in older adults. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biomedical Sciences and Medical Sciences, 70(6), 785–789.Google Scholar
  85. Woodward, A. T., Freddolino, P. P., Wishart, D. J., Bakk, L., Kobayashi, R. I. E., Tupper, C., … Blaschke-Thompson, C. M. (2013). Outcomes from a peer tutor model for teaching technology to older adults. Ageing & Society, 33(8), 1315–1338.Google Scholar
  86. Wrzus, C., Hänel, M., Wagner, J., & Neyer, F. J. (2013). Social network changes and life events across the life span: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 139(1), 53.Google Scholar
  87. Yang, K., & Victor, C. R. (2008). The prevalence of and risk factors for loneliness among older people in China. Ageing & Society, 28(3), 305–327.Google Scholar
  88. Yang, K., & Victor, C. (2011). Age and loneliness in 25 European nations. Ageing & Society, 31(8), 1368–1388.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcos Baez
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Radoslaw Nielek
    • 3
  • Fabio Casati
    • 1
    • 2
  • Adam Wierzbicki
    • 3
  1. 1.University of TrentoTrentoItaly
  2. 2.Tomsk Polytechnic UniversityTomskRussia
  3. 3.Polish-Japanese Academy of Information TechnologyWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations