Advertisement

The Boys’ Club

  • Carmel Diezmann
  • Susan Grieshaber
Chapter

Abstract

The previous chapter identified four types of catalysts and four inhibitors of career progression for women academics: Individual Influences, Academic Work Influences, Academic Environment Influences, and Social Influences. The Boys’ Club was named, along with other influences, as an Academic Environment Influence that inhibited women’s career success, but was not discussed in Chap.  6 because it is the focus of this chapter. This chapter considers the history of the Boy’s Club in Australia and the move from club to culture. After reporting some of the survey responses related to the Boy’s Club culture, selected excerpts from the individual interviews that speak to women’s lived experiences of the culture of the Boy’s Club are explored in more depth. This is undertaken using ideas from theorists Butler, Derrida, Foucault, and Spivak.

References

  1. Bagilhole, B., & White, K. (2003). Created in their image: An analysis of male cultural hegemony in higher education in Australian and the United Kingdom. In B. Groombridge & V. Mackie (Eds.), Re-searching research agendas: Women, research and publication in higher education: Proceedings of the Australian Technology Network – Women’s Executive Development (ATN-WEXDEV) 2003 research conference. Perth, Australia: Learning Support Network, Curtin University of Technology.Google Scholar
  2. Baker, M. (2010). Career confidence and gendered expectations of academic promotion. Journal of Sociology, 46(3), 317–334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boreham, P., Western, M., Baxter, J., Dever, M., & Laffan, W. (2008). Gender differences in early post-PhD employment in Australian universities: The influence of the PhD experience on women’s academic careers (Final report). Brisbane, Australia: University of Queensland Social Research Centre. Retrieved from https://www.wgea.gov.au/sites/default/files/Gender-differences-in-early-post-PhD-employment.pdf.
  4. Boys’ Club. (2013). In Oxford english dictionary. Retrieved from http://www.oed.com/view/Entry/272337?redirectedFrom=boys%27+club#eid.
  5. Butler, J. (1993). Bodies that matter: On the discursive limits of “sex”. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
  6. Butler, J. (1995). For a careful reading. In S. Benhabib, J. Butler, D. Cornell, & N. Fraser (Eds.), Feminist contentions: A philosophical exchange (pp. 127–143). New York, NY/London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  7. Butler, J. (1996). Imitation and gender insubordination. In A. Garry & M. Pearsall (Eds.), Women, knowledge and reality (2nd ed., pp. 371–387). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
  8. Butler, J. (1997). The psychic life of power: Theories of subjectification. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Butler, J. (2004). Undoing gender. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Butler, J. (2014). Bodily vulnerability, coalitions, and street politics. Critical Studies, 37(1), 99–119.Google Scholar
  11. Chanana, K. (2003). Visibility, gender, and the careers of women faculty in an Indian university. McGill Journal of Education, 38(3), 381–389.Google Scholar
  12. Cooray, A., Verma, R., & Wright, L. (2014). Does a gender disparity exist in academic rank? Evidence from an Australian university. Applied Economics, 46(20), 2441–2451.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2014.904496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Department of Education and Training. (2018). 2017 Staff full-time equivalence: Table 1.7 FTE for full-time and fractional full-time staff by state, higher education institution, current duties classification and gender, 2017. Retrieved from https://docs.education.gov.au/node/46136.
  14. Derrida, J. (1976). Of grammatology (G. C. Spivak, Trans.). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Derrida, J. (1997). Deconstruction in a nutshell: A conversation with Jacques Derrida (Edited with a commentary by John D. Caputo). New York, NY: Fordham University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Devine, F. (2001, May 24). This little old lady is no pushover. The Australian, p. 11.Google Scholar
  17. Diezmann, C., & Grieshaber, S. (2009). Understanding the achievements and aspirations of new women professors: A report to Universities Australia. Brisbane, Australia: Queensland University of Technology.Google Scholar
  18. Eggins, H. (Ed.). (1997). Women leaders and managers in higher education. London, UK: Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  19. Faubion, J. D. (Ed.). (1994). Michel Foucault Power: Essential works of Foucault 1954–1984. Volume 3 (R. Hurley et al., Trans.). London, UK: Penguin.Google Scholar
  20. Feteris, S. (2012). The role of women academics in Australian universities. In Proceedings of the 20th Australian institute of physics conference. Sydney, Australia: Australian Institute of Physics. Retrieved from http://www.aip.org.au/info/sites/default/files/Congress2012/35._FETERIS_AIP2012.pdf.Google Scholar
  21. Fitzgerald, T. (2014). Women leaders in higher education: Shattering myths. New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
  22. Forgasz, H., & Leder, G. (2006). Academic life: Monitoring work patterns and daily activities. The Australian Educational Researcher, 33(1), 1–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Foucault, M. (1980). Power/knowledge: Selected interviews and other writings 1972–1977 (C. Gordon, L. Marshall, J. Mepham, & K. Soper, Trans.). Brighton, UK: Harvester.Google Scholar
  24. Group of Eight Australia. (n.d.). About group of eight. Retrieved from https://go8.edu.au/page/about.
  25. Jackson, A. Y., & Mazzei, L. A. (2012). Thinking with theory in qualitative research: Viewing data across multiple perspectives. London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  26. Ledwith, S., & Manfredi, S. (2000). A study of the experience of senior women in a ‘new’ UK university: Balancing gender in higher education. European Journal of Women’s Studies, 7(1), 7–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lipton, B. (2015). A new ‘ERA’ of women and leadership: The gendered impact of quality assurance in Australian higher education. Australian Universities Review, 57(2), 60–70.Google Scholar
  28. Middlehurst, R. (1997). Leadership, women and higher education. In H. Eggins (Ed.), Women as leaders and managers in higher education (pp. 3–16). Buckingham, UK: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  29. Museum of Australian Democracy at Old Parliament House. (n.d.). Guerin, Julia Margaret (Bella). Retrieved from http://explore.moadoph.gov.au/people/83-guerin-julia-margaret-bella-/list#description.
  30. Neustupny, J. V. (n.d.). Ackroyd, Joyce Irene (1918–1991). Canberra, Australia: Australian National University. Retrieved from http://oa.anu.edu.au/obituary/ackroyd-joyce-irene-14649/text27158.
  31. Noble, C., & Mears, J. (2000). The impact of affirmative action legislation on women working in higher education in Australia: Progress or procrastination? Women in Management Review, 15(8), 404–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Overton, S. (2008). Gender equity in American higher education: Institutional studies and interventions. Yale University Women Faculty Forum Report.Google Scholar
  33. Pyke, J. (2013). Women, choice and promotion or why women are still a minority in the professoriate. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 35(4), 444–454.  https://doi.org/10.1080/1360080X.2013.812179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Selleck, R. J. W. (2003). The shop: The University of Melbourne 1850–1939. Melbourne, Australia: Melbourne University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Spivak, G. C. (1976). Translator’s preface. In J. Derrida (Ed.), Of grammatology (pp. ix–xc). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University.Google Scholar
  36. Spivak, G. C. (1993). Outside in the teaching machine. New York, NY/London, UK: Routledge.Google Scholar
  37. Tessens, L., White, K., & Web, C. (2011). Senior women in higher education institutions: Perceived development needs and support. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 33(6), 653–665.  https://doi.org/10.1080/1360080X.2011.621191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. The University of Adelaide. (2012). There is nothing like this Dame. Retrieved from http://www.adelaide.edu.au/lifeimpact/stories/dame-roma-mitchell.html.
  39. The University of Queensland. (2012). History of UQ. Retrieved from http://www.uq.edu.au/about/history-of-uq.
  40. The University of Sydney. (2012, July 18). Our story: Australia’s first university. Retrieved from http://sydney.edu.au/about-us/our-story/australias-first-university.html.
  41. Thomas, R., & Davies, A. (2002). Gender and new public management: Reconstituting academic subjectivities. Gender, Work and Organization, 9(4), 372–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Thornton, M. (1990). The liberal promise: Anti-discrimination legislation in Australia. Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Thornton, M. (2013). The mirage of merit: Reconstituting the ‘ideal academic’. Australian Feminist Studies, 28(76), 127–143.  https://doi.org/10.1080/08164649.2013.789584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. University of South Australia. (2009). The late Dame Roma Mitchell. Retrieved from http://w3.unisa.edu.au/hawkecentre/patrons/Mitchell.asp.
  45. van den Brink, M., & Benschop, Y. (2012). Slaying the seven-headed dragon: The quest for gender change in academia. Gender, Work and Organization, 19(1), 71–92.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0432.2011.00566.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Walton, K. (1997). UK women at the very top: An American assessment. In H. Eggins (Ed.), Women as leaders and managers in higher education (pp. 70–88). Buckingham, UK: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  47. White, K. (2001). Women in the professoriate in Australia. International Journal of Organisational Behaviour, 3(2), 64–76.Google Scholar
  48. White, K. (2003). Women and leadership in higher education in Australia. Tertiary Education and Management, 9(1), 45–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. White, K., Riordan, S., Ozkanli, O., & Neale, J. (2010). Cross-cultural perspectives of gender and management in universities. South African Journal of Higher Education, 24(4), 646–660.Google Scholar
  50. Winchester, H., Lorenzo, S., Browning, L., & Chesterman, C. (2006). Academic women’s promotions in Australian universities. Employee Relations, 28(6), 505–522.  https://doi.org/10.1108/01425450610704461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carmel Diezmann
    • 1
  • Susan Grieshaber
    • 2
  1. 1.Queensland University of TechnologyKelvin GroveAustralia
  2. 2.La Trobe UniversityBundooraAustralia

Personalised recommendations