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Crop Wild Relatives of Selected Perennial Horticultural Crops in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India

  • Pooja Bohra
  • Ajit Arun Waman
  • Sanjay Mishra
Chapter

Abstract

The tropical islands of India are amongst the 22 agro-biodiversity hotspots of the country, of which Andaman and Nicobar Islands harbour rich diversity of flora including species that are common to South Asia and Southeast Asia. High level of endemism (ca. 300 species) and fragile ecosystem are unique features of these distant islands. More than 81% of total geographical area of these islands is under forest cover, which opens up opportunities to explore them for valuable germplasm for future use. This germplasm includes crop wild relatives of perennial horticultural crops, most of which have not been studied systematically so far. The present article aims at highlighting the diversity, importance and present status of selected perennial crop wild relatives of these islands. Further, researchable issues associated with these species, their conservation and sustainable utilization have been dealt herewith.

Keywords

Endemism Rootstock Sustainability Tropical islands Utilization 

Notes

Acknowledgement

PB and AAW are thankful to Director, ICAR-CIARI, Port Blair, for providing facilities to conduct various studies and exploration trips to different parts of the islands. SM is thankful to Director, Botanical Survey of India, for providing necessary facilities and HOO, BSI, ANRC for facilities and constant support. Thanks are also to the farmers and officials of various line departments of the ANI administration for their help in germplasm collection.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pooja Bohra
    • 1
  • Ajit Arun Waman
    • 1
  • Sanjay Mishra
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Horticulture and ForestryICAR-Central Island Agricultural Research InstitutePort BlairIndia
  2. 2.Botanical Survey of IndiaAndaman and Nicobar Regional CentrePort BlairIndia

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