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The Identification of Nakshatra Junction Stars from Precession Calculations

  • Upasana Neogi
  • Mayank Vahia
Conference paper
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings book series (ASSSP, volume 54)

Abstract

The names of the nakshatras along with the longitudes of their junction stars are found in various ancient Indian texts on astronomy. But identification of the appropriate junction stars associated with the nakshatras has been a problem for a long time. Various suggestions have been made to reconcile modern catalogue stars with nakshatras, but they have not been universally accepted. Moreover, the longitudes of the junction stars change due to precession of the Earth’s equinox, which is 50.3 arcseconds/year. There is a list of 27 nakshatras along with the longitudes of their junction stars given in the Maha Bhaskariya. By comparing those longitudes of the junction stars with their present longitudes and considering a precession of nearly 20°, the appropriate junction star for each nakshatras can be identified. Most of the junction star names proposed by Abhyankar in fit perfectly according to our calculations, except for a few nakshatras: Asvini, Adra, Visakha, Satabhisak and Purva-Bhadrapada.

References

  1. Abhyankar, K.D., 1999. Astrophysics of the Solar System. Samgam Books Ltd., Universities Press.Google Scholar
  2. Abhyankar, K.D., 2006. Dhruvaka-Vikṣepa system of astronomical coordinates. Indian Journal of History of Science, 41, 151–157MathSciNetzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  3. Iyengar R.N., 2013. Parasaratantra. Bangalore, Jain University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Subbarayappa, B.V., and Sarma, K.V., 1985. Indian Astronomy Source Book. Mumbai, Nehru Centre.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Hindustan Book Agency 2018 and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Upasana Neogi
    • 1
  • Mayank Vahia
    • 1
  1. 1.Tata Institute of Fundamental ResearchMumbaiIndia

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