Indian Astronomical Tables of the Saura Paddhati – In Historical Perspective

  • Padmaja Venugopal
  • K. Rupa
  • S. Balachandra Rao
Conference paper
Part of the Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings book series (ASSSP, volume 54)


The period including the latter half of the fifteenth century and the earlier half of the sixteenth century witnessed a big resurgence in the development of astronomy, not only in Europe but also in India. In Europe we had great pioneers like Galileo, Copernicus and Tycho Brahe, the illustrious galaxy being crowned by Johannes Kepler (1571–1630) a little later.

On the Indian scene, during that period we had two remarkable stalwarts, Parameśvara Nīlakaņţha and Gaņeśa Daivajña. In the tradition of computation of planetary positions, astronomical phenomena and calendrical data, the role of astronomical tables for Indian calendrical purposes (pañcāṅga) cannot be exaggerated. We have different genres of such tables known differently as sāriṇīs, padakas, koṣṭakas and vākyas.

In this paper we present some salient features of a few prominent handbooks (karaṇas) and tables belonging to the Saurapakṣa School of Astronomy, based on a popular Indian astronomical treatise, the Sūryasiddhānta (SS).


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Copyright information

© Hindustan Book Agency 2018 and Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Padmaja Venugopal
    • 1
  • K. Rupa
    • 2
  • S. Balachandra Rao
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MathematicsSJB Institute of TechnologyBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsGlobal Academy of TechnologyBangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Department of Mathematics, Gandhi Centre of Science and Human ValuesBharatiya VidyaBhavanBangaloreIndia

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