Advertisement

Power and Knowledge

  • Lynelle Watts
  • David Hodgson
Chapter

Abstract

Conceptions of power are important to consider how best to address discrimination and oppression within social work practice. Early social theory accounts tended to consider power as a property that some institutions, individuals and groups accrued by virtue of unequal social arrangements of various kinds. Later poststructural accounts considered power as constituting norms, forms of knowledge and various social practices. This chapter outlines both theoretical positions to present contemporary understandings of power where they may be seen as important element in critical social work practice towards social justice. Specifically, the chapter explains structural and behavioural accounts of power, as well as pastoral power, biopower and the emergence of neuro-bio-psychological knowledge and what this means for social justice, now and into the future.

References

  1. Arendt, H. (1986). Communicative power. In S. Lukes (Ed.), Power (pp. 59–74). Washington Square, New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Barnes, B. (1988). The nature of power. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.Google Scholar
  3. Besley, T. A. C. (2005). Self-denial or self-mastery? Foucault’s genealogy of the confessional self. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 33(3), 365–382.  https://doi.org/10.1080/03069880500179582.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Butler, J. (1997). The psychic life of power. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Dean, M. (1999). Governmentality: Power and rule in modern society. London, Thousands Oaks, California: SAGE.Google Scholar
  6. Epstein, L. (1999). The culture of social work. In A. S. Chambon, A. Irving, & L. Epstein (Eds.), Reading Foucault for social work (pp. 3–26). New York; West Sussex: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  7. Ferguson, I., & Woodward, R. (2009). Radical social work in practice: Making a difference. Bristol, UK: Policy Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Foucault, M. (1977). Discipline and punish: The birth of the prison (A. Sheridan, Trans.). London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  9. Foucault, M. (1980). The eye of power. In C. Gordon (Ed.), Michel Foucault power/knowledge: Selected interviews and other writings 1972–1977 (pp. 146–165). New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf.Google Scholar
  10. Foucault, M. (1986). Disciplinary power and subjection. In S. Lukes (Ed.), Power (pp. 229–242). Washington Square, New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Foucault, M. (1988a). Politics and reason. In L. D. Kritzman (Ed.), Michel Foucault: Politics, philosophy, culture. Interviews and other writings 1977–1984 (pp. 57–85). New York and London: Routlege.Google Scholar
  12. Foucault, M. (1988b). Social security. In L. D. Kritzman (Ed.), Michel Foucault: Politics, philosophy, culture. Interviews and other writings 1977–1984 (pp. 159–177). New York and London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Foucault, M. (1991). Governmentality. In G. Burchell, C. Gordon, & P. Miller (Eds.), The Foucault effect: Studies in governmentality with two lectures by and an interview with Michel Foucault (pp. 87–104). Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  14. Foucault, M. (2003). Society must be defended: Lectures at the Collegè de France 1975–1976 (D. Macey, Trans.). London: Allen Lane/Peguin Books.Google Scholar
  15. Foucault, M. (2007). Security, territory, population: Lectures at the College de France 1977–1978 (G. Burchell, Trans.). Houndsmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, New York: Palgrave, Macmillan.Google Scholar
  16. Foucault, M., & Gordon, C. (1980). Power/knowledge: Selected interviews and other writings, 1972–1977. Brighton (Sussex): Harvester Press.Google Scholar
  17. Galbraith, J. K. (1986). Power and organisation. In S. Lukes (Ed.), Power (pp. 211–228). Washington Square, New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Guenther, L. (n.d.). Life behind bars: The eugenic structure of mass incarceration. Retrieved February 2, 2018, from https://www.academia.edu/34430292/Life_Behind_Bars_The_Eugenic_Structure_of_Mass_Incarceration.
  19. Hayasaki, E. (2016). How poverty changes the brain: New research reveals the connection between stress, poverty and brain development in children. Newsweek, 167(8) (online).Google Scholar
  20. Healy, K. (2000). Social work practices: Contemporary perspectives on change. London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: SAGE Publications.Google Scholar
  21. Healy, K. (2014). Social work theories in context: Creating frameworks for practice (2nd ed.). Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lukes, S. (2005). Power: A radical view (2nd ed.). Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Miller, P., & Rose, N. (1994). On therapeutic authority: Psychoanalytical expertise under advanced liberalism. History of the Human Sciences, 7(3), 29–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Murray, C. A. (1984). Losing ground: American social policy, 1950–1980. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  25. Newman, S. (2005). Power and politics in poststructuralist thought: New theories of the political. Florence, United States: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
  26. Rabinow, P., & Rose, N. S. (2003). Thoughts on the concept of biopower today. Retrieved July 7, 2018, from http://ayp.unia.es/dmdocuments/umbrales15.pdf.
  27. Rose, N. (1988). Calculable minds and manageable individuals. History of the Human Sciences, 1(2), 179–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Rose, N. (1996a). Inventing our selves: Psychology, power, and personhood. Cambridge, England; New York: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rose, N. (1996b). Psychiatry as a political science: Advanced liberalism and the administration of risk. History of the Human Sciences, 9(2), 1–23.  https://doi.org/10.1177/095269519600900201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Rose, N. (2001). The politics of life itself. Theory, Culture & Society, 18(6), 1–30.  https://doi.org/10.1177/02632760122052020.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Rose, N. (2003). Neurochemical selves. Society, 41(1), 46–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Rose, N. (2005). In search of certainty: Risk management in a biological age. Journal of Public Mental Health, 4(3), 14–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Rose, N. (2007). Beyond medicalisation. The Lancet, 369(9562), 700–702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Rose, N. (2009). Normality and pathology in a biomedical age. The Sociological Review, 57(2), 66–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rose, N. (2010). ‘Screen and intervene’: Governing risky brains. History of the Human Sciences, 23(1), 79–105.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0952695109352415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Rose, N. (2014). The human brain project: Social and ethical challenges. Neuron, 82(6), 1212–1215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Rose, N. (2016). Reading the human brain: How the mind became legible. Body & Society, 22(2), 140–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Russell, B. (1975). Power. London: Allen & Unwin Ltd.Google Scholar
  39. Russell, B. (1986). The forms of power. In S. Lukes (Ed.), Power (pp. 19–27). Washington Square, New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  40. Sidanius, J., & Pratto, F. (1999). Social dominance: An intergroup theory of social hierarchy and oppression. Cambridge, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Simmel, G. (1986). Domination and freedom. In S. Lukes (Ed.), Power (pp. 203–210). Washington Square, New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  42. Stewart, A. (2000). Theories of power and domination: The politics of empowerment in late modernity. London: SAGE Publications.Google Scholar
  43. Tong, R. (2009). Feminist thought: A more comprehensive introduction. Colorado: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  44. Wastell, D., & White, S. (2012). Blinded by neuroscience: Social policy, the family and the infant brain. Families, Relationships and Societies, 1(3), 397–414.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Weber, M. (1986). Domination by economic power and authority. In S. Lukes (Ed.), Power (pp. 28–36). Washington Square, New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  46. Young, I. M. (1990). Justice and the politics of difference. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Arts and HumanitiesEdith Cowan UniversityBunburyAustralia

Personalised recommendations