Conclusion: Urban Rural Flows with Online Urbanization

Part of the Advances in 21st Century Human Settlements book series (ACHS)


The urban and rural structural patterns are related to their social relations. The combination of technology and local communities has rendered the space of flows more grass-rooted, and has expanded the space of flows paradigm to much larger scale. The Internet of everything is coming upon us. The Space of flows is so pervasive, that maybe there is practically no non space of flows. As discussed previously, the phenomena in rural China are references of this trend.


  1. 1.
    Sassen S (2001) The global city: New york, London, Tokyo. Princeton University PressGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Castells M (2011)The rise of the network society: the information age: Economy, society, and culture, vol. 1. WileyGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Polyani K (2007) The great transformation: the political and economic origins of our time. Beacon PressGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lefebvre H (2003) The urban revolution. U of Minnesota PressGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Borja J, Mireia B, Castells M, Benner C (1997) Local and global: the management of cities in the information age. EarthscanGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Generic village—study of village by Rem Koolhaas, Sep 2018
  7. 7.
    Koolhaas R (2014) Countryside architecture, FEATURES Sep 2014

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Architecture, School of Design and EnvironmentNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

Personalised recommendations