Advertisement

Homosexual Masculinity

  • Xinling Li
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter explicates the ways in which out rappers have sought to alter their heterosexual superego and influence the audience by making homosexuality a masculine enactment in their music. The praxis integral to this enactment is not only to embrace same-sex love without abiding by the terms of heterosexual attraction (e.g. opposites attract) and but also expose how heterosexual masculinity is achieved and sustained by the forceful repression of same-sex intimacy—be it sexual or not—among men (especially in the context of a masculine subject desiring the “same” masculine other).

References

  1. Adkins, Lisa. “Reflexivity: Freedom or Habit of Gender.” In Feminism After Bourdieu, by Lisa Adkins, and Beverley Skeggs (ed.), 191–210. Hoboken: Blackwell, 2004.Google Scholar
  2. Biddle, Ian. “The Singsong of Undead Labour: Gender Nostalgia and the Vocal fantasy of Intimacy in the ‘New’ Male Singer/Songwriter.” In Oh Boy! Masculinities and Popular Music, by Freya Jarman-Ivens (ed.), 125–144. New York: Routledge, 2007.Google Scholar
  3. Bird, Sharon R. “Welcome to Men’s Club: Homosociality and the Maintenance of Hegemonic Masculinity.” Gender and Society, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1996: pp. 120–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. D’Emilio, John. Lost Prophet: The Life and Times of Bayard Rustin. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2003.Google Scholar
  5. Franklin, V.P. “Review—Lost Prophet: The Life and Times of Bayard Rustin by John D’Emilio.” The Journal of American History, Vol. 91, No. 2, 2004: pp. 707–708.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Greene, Christina. “What’s Sex Got to Do with It: Gender and the New Black Freedom Movement Scholarship.” Feminist Studies, Vol. 32, No. 1, 2006: pp. 163–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Halberstam, Judith. “Queer Ovices and Musical Gender.” In Oh Boy! Masculinities and Popular Music, by Freya Jarman-Ivens (ed.), 183–196. New York: Routledge, 2007.Google Scholar
  8. Hubbs, Nadine. Queer composition of America’s Sound. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.Google Scholar
  9. Irigaray, Luce. “When the Goods Get Together.” In New French Feminisms: An Anthology, by Elaine Marks, and Isabelle de Courtivron (ed.), 107–110. Amherst: The University of Massachusetts Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  10. Jarman-Ivens, Freya. “Queer(ing) Masculinity in Heterosexist Rap Music.” In Queering the Popular Pitch, by Sheila Whiteley, and Jennifer Rycenga (ed.), 199–220. New York: Routledge, 2006.Google Scholar
  11. Kimmel, Michael S. “Rethinking ‘Masculinity’: New Directions in Research.” In Changing Men: New Directions in Research on Men and Masculinity, by Michael S. Kimmel (ed.), 9–24. Newbury Park: Sage, 1987.Google Scholar
  12. Long, Michael G. I Must Resist: Bayard Rustin’s Life in Letters. San Francisco: City Lights Books, 2012.Google Scholar
  13. Middleton, Richard. “Mum’s the Word: Men’s Singing and Maternal Law.” In Oh Boy! Masculinities and Popular Music, by Freya Jarman-Ivens (ed.), 103–124. London: Routledge, 2007.Google Scholar
  14. Moore, Suzanne. “Getting a Bit of the Other—The Pimps of Postmodernism.” In Male Order: Unwrapping Masculinity, by Rowena Chapman, and Jonathan Rutherford (ed.), 165–192. London: Lawrence & Wishart, 1988.Google Scholar
  15. Moston, Rachel. “Bayard Rustin on His Own Terms.” The Haverford Journal, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2005: pp. 82–102.Google Scholar
  16. Oware, Matthew. “Brotherly Love: Homosociality and Black Masculinity in Gangsta Rap Music.” Journal of African American Studies, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2011: pp. 22–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Palmer, Gareth. “Bruce Springsteen and Masculinity.” In Sexing the Groove: Popular Music and Gender, by Sheila Whiteley (ed.), 100–117. New York: Routledge, 1997.Google Scholar
  18. Saldaña-Portillo, Maria Josefina. “Consuming Malcolm X: Prophecy and Performative Masculinity.” NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction, Vol. 30, No. 3, 1997: pp. 289–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. The Epistemology of the Closet. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990.Google Scholar
  20. Shimeles, Nebeu. “Homophobia and the Capitalist Subversion of Violent Masculinity in Hip Hop.” Critical Theory and Social Justice, Journal of Undergraduate Research, Occidental College, Vol. 1, 2010: pp. 1–26.Google Scholar
  21. Simpson, Mark. Male Impersonators: Men Performing Masculinity. New York: Cassell, 1994.Google Scholar
  22. Zarley, B. David. “Tim’m West and the Masculine Mystique.” In Chicago Reader (February 20, 2013). From http://www.chicagoreader.com/chicago/center-on-halsted-tim-m-west-deep-dickollective/Content?oid=8822558. Retrieved 09/08/2014.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinling Li
    • 1
  1. 1.ChengduChina

Personalised recommendations