Revelations from Black Gay Men Who Rap

  • Xinling Li


This Chapter analyses the lyrical contents of the rappers studied in this book that directly challenge mainstream hip-hop’s sexism, homophobia, and classism while recollecting the memories of black LGBT artists, activists, and intellectuals who were buried in black history due to their sexuality. With their particular styles of lyricism, not only do out rappers attempt to redeem these forgotten figures’ dignity and continue their legacy but they also seek to expand the orthodox perceptions of blackness, black history, and the relationship between gender and sexuality within the black community.


Black Gay Black History gayGay homosexualityHomosexuality homophobiaHomophobia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bourdieu, Pierre. Masculine Domination. Cambridge: Polity, 2001.Google Scholar
  2. Butler, Judith. Bodies That Matter. New York: Routledge, 1993.Google Scholar
  3. Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble (1999 anniversary ed.). New York: Routledge, 1999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dunning, Stefanie K. Queer in Black and White. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2009.Google Scholar
  5. Fink, Robert. “Goal-Directed Soul? Analysing Rhythmic Teleology in African American Popular Music.” Journal of the American Musicological Society, Vol. 64, No. 1, 2011: pp. 179–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. “The Black Man’s Burden.” In Fear of A Queer Planet: Queer Politics and Social Theory, by Michael Warner (ed.), 230–238. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1993.Google Scholar
  7. Gibson, Dawn-Marie. The Nation of Islam, Louis Farrakhan, and the Men Who Follow Him. Palgrave Macmillian, 2016.Google Scholar
  8. Ginzberg, Ruth. “Audre Lorde’s (Nonessentialist) Lesbian Eros.” Hypatia, Vol. 7, No. 4, Lesbian Philosophy (Autumn, 1992): pp. 73–90.Google Scholar
  9. Glave, Thomas. “(Re-)Recalling Essex Hemphill: Words to Our Now.” Callaloo, Vol. 23, No. 1, Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender: Literature and Culture (Winter, 2000): pp. 278–284.Google Scholar
  10. Greene, Christina. “What’s Sex Got to Do with It: Gender and the New Black Freedom Movement Scholarship.” Feminist Studies, Vol. 32, No. 1, 2006: pp. 163–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. ———. “On the Horn of a Dilemma: Institutional Dimensions of the Sexual Career in a Sample of Middle-Class, Urban, Black, Gay Men.” Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 37, No. 5, 2007: pp. 753–774.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. hooks, bell. Teaching to Transgress: Education as the Practice of Freedom. New York: Routledge, 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Jones, Beau Fly. “James Baldwin: The Struggle for Identity.” The British Journal of Sociology, Vol. 17, No. 2, 1966: pp. 107–121.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lewis, Gail. “Audre Lorde: Vignettes and Mental Conversations.” Feminist Review, Vol. 34, Perverse Politics: Lesbian Issues (Spring, 1990): pp. 100–114.Google Scholar
  15. Shepherd, John. Whose Music? A Sociology of Musical Languages. London: Latimer, 1977.Google Scholar
  16. Shin, Andrew, and Barbara Judson. “Beneath the Black Aesthetic: James Baldwin’s Primer of Black American Masculinity.” African American Review, Vol. 32, No. 2, 1998: pp. 247–261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Somerville, Siobhan B. Querying the Colour Line: Race and the Invention of Homosexuality in American Culture. Durham: Duke University Press, 2000.Google Scholar
  18. Taylor, Douglas. “Three Lean Cats in a Hall of Mirrors: James Baldwin, Norman Mailor, and Eldridge Cleaver on Race and masculinity.” Texas Studies in Literature and Language, Vol. 52, No. 1, 2010: pp. 70–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Wacquant, Loïc. “Race as Civic Felony.” International Social Science Journal, Vol. 57, No. 183, 2005: pp. 127–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Ward, E.G. “Homophobia, Hypermasculinity, and the US Black Church.” Culture, Health and Sexuality, Vol. 6, No. 5, 2005: pp. 493–504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinling Li
    • 1
  1. 1.ChengduChina

Personalised recommendations