• Minglang ZhouEmail author


This chapter recaps the essence of the book on the development of rising China through social and symbolic processes of cultural and linguistic internal-integration and external-expansion. In history, empires rose and fell, but all were underpinned either by a big-language ideology that supports a lingua franca in accommodation of linguistic diversity or a small-language ideology that espouses linguistic integration with little accommodation and more confrontation. Within the conceptual framework of language ideology and order, this chapter shows that rising China’s small-language ideology has unsurmountable problems to accommodate its linguistic diversity in the Chinese dream within greater China and to reconcile with the existing global language order in China’s vision of “One World.” This cultural and linguistic foundation defines what rising China is and will be.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Maryland College ParkCollege ParkUSA

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