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Breast Cancer: Role of Imaging

  • Harnoor Singh
Chapter

Abstract

Breast cancer is one of the most prevalent cancers in women; about one in eight women will be affected by it. Also, it is one of the leading causes of death in women. It is critical to get involved in breast screening to enable early detection with consequent decreased morbidity and mortality associated with breast cancer.

Screening mammography is estimated to reduce breast cancer mortality by almost 40% if performed on an annual basis rather than less frequently. Screening for breast cancer can also involve ultrasound and MRI depending on the age and individualized risk for a patient.

Imaging for breast cancer involves screening as well as diagnostic modalities. BI-RADS (breast imaging-reporting and data system) categories are used to categorize breast imaging reports. The diagnosis of breast cancer is established with the use of image-guided biopsies involving ultrasound, stereotactic guidance, and MRI. These also play a critical role in treatment planning and monitoring.

The following discussion will elaborate on the different imaging modalities used for the screening and diagnosis of breast cancer.

Keywords

Breast cancer screening Risk factors for breast cancer Functional unit of the breast Ultrasound MRI BI-RADS TNM staging 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harnoor Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyTexas OncologyAmarilloUSA

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