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Progresses in Bioremediation Technologies for Industrial Waste Treatment and Management: Challenges and Future Prospects

  • Ram Naresh Bharagava
  • Gaurav Saxena
Chapter

Abstract

Industrial wastewater treatment and management is a major challenge of the twenty-first century and essential to safeguard the environment and public health. Industrial wastewaters are considered as one of the major sources of environmental contamination because these carry a variety of environmental contaminants that may cause serious health hazards in living beings. To protect the environment and public health from the adverse effects of such industrial pollutants, several methods are currently being applied to manage such industrial wastes. These methods include physicochemical techniques, which are not eco-friendly in nature as these use chemicals for environmental cleanup and thus cause secondary pollution and are costly. However, bioremediation technologies are one of the self-driven eco-friendly methods as these rely on the activity of microbes and plants that remove an array of pollutants from polluted wastewaters. This chapter reviews the progresses made in the bioremediation technologies for industrial waste treatment and management with reference to tannery wastewater and focuses on challenges and future directions in the field.

Keywords

Industrial wastewater Treatment Management Progresses Challenges Prospects 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The financial support such as “Major Research Projects” (Grant No.: EEQ/2017/000407) from “Science and Engineering Research Board” (SERB), Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India (GOI), New Delhi, India, and University Grant Commission (UGC) Fellowship received by Mr. Gaurav Saxena for doctoral studies is duly acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ram Naresh Bharagava
    • 1
  • Gaurav Saxena
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Bioremediation and Metagenomics Research (LBMR), Department of Microbiology (DM)Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar (Central) UniversityLucknowIndia

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