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Plant-Microbe Interactions for Bioremediation and Phytoremediation of Environmental Pollutants and Agro-ecosystem Development

  • Akash Mishra
  • Shraddha Priyadarshini Mishra
  • Anfal Arshi
  • Ankur Agarwal
  • Sanjai Kumar Dwivedi
Chapter

Abstract

Development in both the industrial and agricultural sectors has resulted in excess production of hazardous substances which is ruining our environment. However several physicochemical technologies are available to treat such substances but require extra setup to deal with eco-friendly manner. Phytoremediation and bioremediation has emerged as a substitute of such technologies which is brought by the interaction among plant and microorganisms. PGPR (plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria) has an important contribution in remediation of environmental pollutants as well as agro-ecosystem development. Along with PGPR, several fungi, endophytes, mycorrhiza, and algae also form association with plants and contribute in sustainable development. Application of genetic engineering has resulted tremendous effect in increasing their efficiency of pollution control and plant growth regulation.

Keywords

Environmental pollutants Bioremediation Phytoremediation Plant-microbe interactions 

Notes

Acknowledgment

Authors are extremely grateful to Director, Defence Institute of Bio-Energy Research (DIBER), DRDO, Ministry of Defence, Government of India (GOI), India, for providing financial and infrastructural support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akash Mishra
    • 1
  • Shraddha Priyadarshini Mishra
    • 1
  • Anfal Arshi
    • 1
  • Ankur Agarwal
    • 1
  • Sanjai Kumar Dwivedi
    • 1
  1. 1.Defence Institute of Bio-Energy Research (DIBER)Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Ministry of Defence, Government of IndiaHaldwaniIndia

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