Advertisement

Ambient Cured Geopolymer Concrete Products

  • S. ThirugnanasambandamEmail author
  • C. Antony Jeyasehar
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 25)

Abstract

The most commonly used building material in the construction industry is concrete. Portland cement is an important ingredient to manufacture concrete. Due to the rapid growth of urbanisation, the need of cement is inevitable. The manufacturing of Portland cement releases approximately an equal amount of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. In this regard, it is mandatory to find out a solution to avoid the usage of cement in the construction industry. It is proved that the geopolymer technology is an alternative method to create a binder instead of cement. In this study, geopolymer concrete is made with fly ash, ground granulated blast furnace slag, alkaline solution to bind the river sand, and granite coarse aggregate. The geopolymer concrete specimens are cured in ambient temperature. Geopolymer concrete beams, railway sleepers are cast and tested for flexure. The test results are compared with conventional cement concrete specimens and it is found that the geopolymer specimens are performing better than cement concrete specimens. The ferrocement roofing channels and domes are cast with cement mortar and geopolymer mortar. Both of the specimens are tested and found that the ferrogeopolymer elements are showing better results than conventional ferrocement elements.

Keywords

Geopolymer Beams Sleepers Roofing channels Domes 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors wish to acknowledge the financial support provided by the University Grants Commission, New Delhi by sanctioning a research project, (MRP–MAJOR-CIVIL—2013-36977) entitled “Development of geopolymer concrete and testing of elements” to Annamalai University.

References

  1. 1.
    Davidovits, J. (1991). Geopolymers: Inorganic geopolymeric new materials. Journal of Thermal Analysis, 37, 1633–1656.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Davidovits, J. (1994). High—Alkali cements for 21st century concretes in concrete technology, past, present and future. In P. Kumar Metha (Ed.), Proceedings of V. Mohan Malhotra Symoposium (pp. 383–397). ACI SP-144.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hardjito, D., & Rangan, B. V. (2005). Development and properties of Low calcium fly ash-based geoploymer concrete research report. Perth: GCI Faculty of Engineering Curtin University of Technology.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Malhotra, V. M. (2002). High-performance high-volume fly concrete. Concrete International 24(7), 30–34.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Standard Specification for Pre-tensioned Prestressed Concrete Sleepers for Broad Gauge and Metre Gauge, Serial No. T – 39. (2016). Research Designs and Standards Organisation, Lucknow. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Annamalai UniversityChidambaramIndia

Personalised recommendations