Partial Replacement of Steel Slag Aggregates in Concrete as Fine Aggregates (Induction Blast Furnace Slag)

  • S. ArjunEmail author
  • T. Hemalatha
  • C. Rajasekaran
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 25)


In this study, an attempt has been made to investigate the effect of partial replacement of conventional river sand with steel slag aggregate. The replacement of river sand by slag aggregate provides dual advantage of reducing disposal problems in steel industries and conserving the natural resources. In this study, slag aggregate originated from induction blast furnace has been used. The physical and chemical properties of slag aggregate evidenced the feasibility of using this material as a substitute for river sand. Total of three mixes made with Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), cement replaced with fly ash and river sand replaced with slag aggregate have been considered for this study. The mix is designed for M40 grade. First mix (Control mix 0M0) made of OPC as a binder and 100% river sand, second mix (0M50) made of OPC and 50% slag aggregate and third mix (25M50) made of 25% OPC replaced by fly ash and 50% river sand replaced by slag aggregate. Mechanical and durability properties of all the three concretes are studied. It is found that the strength results of 0M0 and 0M50 are comparable indicating the suitability of using slag aggregate as an alternative for river sand. However, the third mix with fly ash replacement in binder showed reduced strength in comparison with control concrete. Hence, it is concluded that when slag aggregate is used as a partial replacement for river sand (50%), it is advisable to use OPC than the Pozzolanic Portland Cement (PPC).


Steel slag aggregates River sand Strength Durability 


  1. 1.
    Schandl, H., Fischer-Kowalski, M., West, J., Giljum, S., Dittrich, M., Eisenmenger, N., et al. (2016). Global material flows and resource productivity: An assessment study of the UNEP international resource panel. United Nations Environment Programme.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cho, S. (2013). Effect of silt fines on the durability properties of concrete. Journal of Applied Science, Engineering, 16, 425–430.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Indian minerals year book (Part-II) 51th edition slag-iron and steel, Government of India, ministry of mines, Indian bureau of mines, Indira bhavan, Civil lines, Nagpur-440001.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Asi, I. M., Qasrawi, H. Y., & Shalabi, F. I. (2007). Use of steel slag aggregate in asphalt concrete mixes. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 34(8), 902–911.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kandhal, P. S., & Hoffman, G. (1997). Evaluation of steel slag fine aggregate in hot-mix asphalt mixtures. Transportation Research Record, 1583, 28–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Alizadeh, R., Chini, M., Ghods, P., Hoseini, M., Montazer, S., & Shekarchi, M. (1996). Utilization of electric arc furnace slag as aggregates in concrete—Environmental issue. CMI Report Tehran.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liu, C., Zha, K., & Chen, D. (2011). Possibility of concrete prepared with steel slag as fine and coarse aggregates: A preliminary study. Procedia Engineering, 24, 412–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nadeem, M., & Pofale, A. D. (2012). Experimental investigation of using slag as an alternative to normal aggregates (coarse and fine) in concrete. International Journal of Civil and Structural Engineering, 3(1), 117–127.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Al-Negheimish, A. I., & Al-Sugair, F. H. (1997). Utilization of local steelmaking slag in concrete. Journal of King Saud University—Engineering Sciences, 9(1), 39–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sezer, G. I., & Gülderen, M. (2015). Usage of steel slag in concrete as fine and/or coarse aggregate. Indian Journal of Engineering & Materials Sciences, 22(3), 339–344.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Technology KarnatakaSurathkal, MangaluruIndia
  2. 2.CSIR, Structural Engineering Research Center (SERC)ChennaiIndia

Personalised recommendations