Advertisement

Sustainable Building Management by Using Alternative Materials and Techniques

  • H. P. ThanuEmail author
  • H. G. Kanya Kumari
  • C. Rajasekaran
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 25)

Abstract

Nowadays house construction is the basic need all over the world. Since the conventional building materials are causing degradation of the environment and also inadequate, it must be replaced by alternative building materials which are environment friendly or efficient. The mining of popular fine aggregates and quarrying of coarse aggregate results in depletion of hard rock and environmental imbalance. In view of this, there is need for developing alternative material. In most industrialized countries, the building sector accounts about one-third of total energy consumption. In order to ease this problem radical improvement is employed in building energy efficiency management. The framework design is in such a way so that it can balance between the issues such as environmental, economic and social issues. This is achieved by altering the construction method and materials used for any conventional building. The objective is to promote alternative materials to housing in such a way, that if compared with conventional materials it should prove to be an ideal alternative. Using alternative building materials save manufacturing cost, transportation, energy, time and these materials have high potential in replacing the conventional materials without compromising the strength and durability. Use of alternative technology is advantageous as it uses the locally accessible raw materials, waste products obtained from industry, etc. In this study, we have considered conventional building materials with alternative building materials by taking a residential project of 2340 SFT (including ground and first floor) and an industrial project of 3100 SFT. The cost reduction is found to be 20.17 and 18.19% in residential building and industrial building respectively hence ensuring that they are cost-effective and energy-efficient. Similarly, the reduction in embodied energy consumption is found to be 38.72% in residential and 17.78% in industrial building which shows that the utilization of alternative materials in construction ensures the building as eco-friendly.

Keywords

Energy efficient Sustainable building Embodied energy Alternative technology 

References

  1. 1.
    Bribián, I. Z., Capilla, A. V., & Usón, A. A. (2011). Life cycle assessment of building materials: Comparative analysis of energy and environmental impacts and evaluation of the eco-efficiency improvement potential. Building and Environment, 46, 1133–1140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ortiz, O., Castells, F., & Sonnemann, G. (2009). Sustainability in the construction industry: A review of recent developments based on LCA. Construction and Building Materials, 23, 28–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kumar, A., Buddhi, D., & Chauhan, D. S. (2012). Indexing of building materials with embodied, operational energy and environmental sustainability with reference to green buildings. Journal of Pure and Applied Science & Technology, 2, 11–22.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chel, A., Kaushik, G. (2017). Renewable energy technologies for sustainable development of energy efficient building. Alexandria Engineering JournalGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Thormark, C. (2006). The effect of material choice on the total energy need and recycling potential of a building. Building and Environment, 41, 1019–1026.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Pappu, A., Saxena, M., & Asolekar, S. R. (2007). Solid wastes generation in India and their recycling potential in building materials. Building and Environment, 42, 2311–2320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Deepak, B. (2012). Sustainable dry interlocking block masonry construction. In 15th International Brick and Block Masonry Conference (2012).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hammond, G. P., Harajli, H. A., Jones, C. I., & Winnett, A. B. (2012). Whole systems appraisal of a UK Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) system: Energy, environmental, and economic evaluations. Energy Policy, 40, 219–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mansour, A., Srebric, J., & Burley, B. J. (2007). Development of straw-cement composite sustainable building material for low-cost housing in Egypt. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 3, 1571–1580.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Reddy, B. V. V., & Jagadish, K. S. (2003). Embodied energy of common and alternative building materials and technologies. Energy and Buildings, 35, 129–137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. P. Thanu
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • H. G. Kanya Kumari
    • 1
  • C. Rajasekaran
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Construction Technology and ManagementSri Jayachamarajendra College of EngineeringMysoreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Institute of Technology KarnatakaSurathkal, MangaluruIndia

Personalised recommendations