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Removal of Organic Pollutants from Industrial Wastewaters Treated by Membrane Techniques

  • M. Soniya
  • G. Muthuraman
Chapter

Abstract

Water is the most commonly used resource in the world. The world’s supply of sanitary water is limited and exposed to contamination. Increasing demands for water are required for cultivation, manufacturing, and urban development, but these are more important to control than the distribution of limited freshwater resources. Various industries use water for diverse processes and then discharge it back into the surroundings. In recent times, researchers have focused on effluent treatment by a variety of processes with low costs and high removal efficiency. This study examines the removal of contamination from industrial effluents by a liquid membrane method. Water is recovered and reused through the liquid membrane, which has significant ecological benefits and decreases the effects of wastewater discharge on environmental water quality. Financial and environmental benefits have been recognized in this recently developed liquid membrane method.

Keywords

Recovery Effluent Water Environment Demand Liquid membrane 

Abbreviations

BAHLM

Bulk aqueous liquid membrane

BOHLM

Bulk organic liquid membrane

DBL

Diffusion boundary layer

FLM

Flowing liquid membrane

HF

Hollow fiber

HFCLM

Hollow fiber liquid membrane

HFLM

Hollow fiber liquid membrane

HLM

Hybrid liquid membrane

L/L

Liquid-liquid extraction

LM

Liquid membrane

MBSE

Membrane based solvent extraction

MBSS

Membrane based solvent stripping

MHS

Multi membrane hybrid system

O/W/O

Oil-in-water-in-oil

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Soniya
    • 1
  • G. Muthuraman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryPresidency College, University of MadrasChennaiIndia

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