A Moralistic View of Poetry
The Confucian view of poetry education is morality-based at large. It is handed down from one generation to another with marginal progression but more explicit exposition. It is especially so when it comes to Neo-Confucianism in the Song Dynasty. As evinced in his moral consideration, Zhu Xi is chiefly preoccupied with heavenly principles. Any form of teaching and education is found needless so long as heavenly principles are clarified in full sense. Such principles are conceived of as both the key content and ultimate objective of teaching and education. They are opposite to human desires, thus forming a binary pair in Neo-Confucianism.