Statistical Analysis of Coastal Currents from HF Radar Along the North-Western Bay of Bengal

  • Samiran MandalEmail author
  • Saikat Pramanik
  • Subrota Halder
  • Sourav Sil
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 23)


Highly accurate ocean current measurements are very much important in the field of ocean engineering. Over the past decades, the High-Frequency (HF) Radars are known to be one of the important marine instruments for oceanographic studies. The present work focuses mainly on statistical analysis of HF radar-measured ocean surface current along the Odisha coast, north-western Bay of Bengal during 2015. The observations indicate that northward propagating Western Boundary Current (WBC) and southward propagating East India Coastal Current (EICC) can reach up to 1.8 m/s and 1.0 m/s, respectively. The zonal (meridional) components vary in the range −0.8 to 0.8 (−0.6 to 0.7) m/s along with standard deviation of 0.25 m/s for both the components with 99% significance level. The boxplot analysis shows the extreme values of both the zonal and meridional currents along with the negative medians; however, certain outliers are observed only for zonal currents. The 25th percentile is less than −0.20 m/s for the meridional currents, whereas opposite result for zonal currents. The zonal and meridional currents follow normal distribution, whereas the current magnitude and kinetic energy follow Weibull distribution. The Weibull shape parameter (β) varies for both the parameters: current magnitude (β > 1) and kinetic energy (0 < β < 1) due to the variations in moments, which indicates that in case of kinetic energy (current magnitude), the failure rate decreases (increases) over time. This circulation variability can be attributed predominantly to the winds and the coastal dynamics.


Bay of Bengal HF radar Ocean currents Statistics and tides 



We acknowledge the financial support given by the ESSO-INCOIS, Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES), and Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) of Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India. Also, we sincerely thank Coastal and Environmental Engineering Group, NIOT, Chennai for constant monitoring of the HF Radars and making the data availability efficient. We also acknowledge IITBBS for providing the research facility.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samiran Mandal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Saikat Pramanik
    • 1
  • Subrota Halder
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sourav Sil
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Earth, Ocean and Climate SciencesIndian Institute of Technology BhubaneswarBhubaneswarIndia
  2. 2.Indian Institute of Tropical MeteorologyPuneIndia

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