Assessment of Littoral Drift and Shoreline Changes for Fisheries Harbour on East Coast of India

  • S. N. JhaEmail author
  • J. Sinha
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 23)


Establishment of fishing harbour and fish landing centre is the most important activity for the development of marine fisheries infrastructure. However, littoral drift can be seriously impacted by the construction of fishing harbour and if due consideration is not given during construction of breakwaters, it may result in severe siltation on one side of harbour and erosion on the other side. This can eventually lead to complete failure of the harbour and result in a huge economic loss. To prevent such situation, mathematical modelling tools can play a significant role in estimating quantum and extent of littoral drift and assessing shoreline changes. Emphasis should also be given to corroborate the findings of mathematical modelling with actual field data. In this paper, a mathematical model study of shoreline changes has been undertaken for a proposed fishery harbour at Juvvaladinne on the east coast of India. It was found that annual northward and southward drift were of the order of 0.297 million cum and 0.001 million cum (almost negligible), respectively, while net and gross transports were estimated as 0.297 million cum and 0.298 million cum, respectively. Net transport was towards the north. It was also observed that northward transport was dominant during all periods. After 10 years, maximum cross-shore advancement is expected to be about 170 m on the southern side of the harbour while the maximum recession is expected to be about 130 m on the northern side of the harbour. The corresponding longshore effect of deposition and erosion was felt for 1500 m and 1300 m, respectively.


Harbour Littoral drift Shoreline changes 



The authors are grateful to Dr. (Mrs.) V. V. Bhosekar, Director, CWPRS and Mrs. A.M. Vaidya, Scientist D for their guidance and constant encouragement during the course of study. The authors express their deep gratitude for granting permission to publish this paper.


  1. 1.
    Panigrahi JK, Sathish Kumar V, Tripathy JK (2012) Littoral drift by alongshore flow at Visakhapatnam–East Coast of India. J Hydro-environ Res 4(2010):317–327Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chandramohan P, Nayak BU, Raju VS (1990) Longshore sediment model for south Indian and Shri Lankan coasts. ASCE J Waterw Port Coast Ocean Eng 116:408–424CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Sanil Kumar V, Pathak KC, Pednekar P, Raju NSN, Gowthaman R (2006) Coastal processes along the Indian coastline. Curr Sci 91(4):530–536Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Vandana Devi V (2014) Integrated management of Kondurupalem lagoonal inlet on East Coast of India. PhD thesis, Anna UniversityGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kannan R, Ramanamurthy MV, Kanungo A (2016) Shoreline change monitoring in Nellore Coast at East Coast Andhra Pradesh District using remote sensing and GIS. J Fish Livest Prod 4:161Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    MIKE 21 SW (2013) User manual, Danish Hydraulic Institute (DHI), DenmarkGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    LITPACK (2013) An integrated modelling system for littoral processes and coastal kinetics, Danish Hydraulic InstituteGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    CWPRS technical report no. 5496 (2017) Mathematical model studies to assess littoral drift distribution and shoreline changes due to development of fishery harbour at Juvvaladinne, A.P.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Central Water and Power Research StationPuneIndia

Personalised recommendations