Beyond the Data Range Approach to Soft Compute the Reflection Coefficient for Emerged Perforated Semicircular Breakwater

  • Suman Kundapura
  • Arkal Vittal Hegde
  • Amit Vijay Wazerkar
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 23)


Prediction of reflection coefficient (Kr) for emerged perforated semicircular breakwater (EPSBW) using artificial neural network (ANN) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference systems (ANFIS) is carried out in the present paper. A new approach has been adopted in the present work using ANN and ANFIS models for the prediction of the reflection coefficient (Kr) for the wave periods beyond the range of the dataset used for training the network. The experimental data obtained for a scaled down EPSBW model from regular wave flume experiments at Marine Structure laboratory of National Institute of Technology Karnataka, Surathkal, Mangaluru, India was used. The ensemble was segregated such that certain higher ranges of wave periods were excluded in the training, and possibility of prediction was checked. The independent input parameters (Hi, T, S, D, R, d, hs) that influence the reflection coefficient (Kr) are considered for training as well as testing, where Hi is the incident wave height, T is the wave period, S is the spacing of perforations, D is the diameter of the perforations, R is the radius of the breakwater, d is the depth of the water and hs is the structure height. The accuracy of predictions of reflection coefficient (Kr) is done based on the coefficient of determination (R2), root mean square error (RMSE), and mean absolute error (MAE). The study shows that ANN and ANFIS models may be used for prediction of reflection coefficient Kr of semicircular breakwater for beyond the data range of wave periods used for training. However, ANFIS outperformed ANN model in the prediction of Kr in the case of beyond the data range segregation method.


Semicircular breakwater ANN ANFIS Reflection coefficient Beyond the data range Conventional data segregation 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Suman Kundapura
    • 1
  • Arkal Vittal Hegde
    • 1
  • Amit Vijay Wazerkar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied Mechanics and HydraulicsNational Institute of Technology KarnatakaSurathkal, MangaloreIndia

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