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Reviewing Literature for and as Research

  • Nigel D’Souza
  • Geoff Wong
Chapter
Part of the Innovation and Change in Professional Education book series (ICPE, volume 17)

Overview

The literature review has become an important tool to summarise and synthesise knowledge from the growing volume of research in medical education. The diversity of literature review methodologies has proliferated to an extent that can appear bewildering, particularly within qualitative and mixed methods approaches, some of which originate from non-medical disciplines. Matching the appropriate review technique to the research question(s) will determine its success. This chapter describes the breadth of quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods review techniques which may be used in educational research and looks at their strengths and weaknesses. Case scenarios are used to illustrate how specific review techniques can be used to address different research questions. Common essential steps to conducting a literature review, regardless of review technique, are described to provide some practical guidance.

Keywords

Knowledge synthesis Systematic review Meta-ethnography Realist review Medical education Health knowledge, attitudes, practice Evidence-based medicine Research design/standards 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nigel D’Souza
    • 1
  • Geoff Wong
    • 2
  1. 1.Wessex DeaneryWinchesterUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health SciencesOxfordUK

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