The Contemporary Context of Surgical Education

  • Adrian AnthonyEmail author
  • Vijayaragavan Muralidharan
Part of the Innovation and Change in Professional Education book series (ICPE, volume 17)


The development of a competent surgeon has evolved over centuries from a predominantly apprenticeship model to one that incorporates modern theories of learning accompanied by increasing awareness of the significant contribution from the hidden curriculum. Increasing public awareness and demands from educators and trainees have emphasised the importance of nontechnical competencies. The Royal Australasian College of Surgeons has determined nine core competencies as a basic requirement for surgical training. It has responded to emerging demands by the introduction of formal educational processes supporting the development of an educationally aware surgical teaching community. A challenge for surgical training is to balance the increasing demands on the surgical education workforce while delivering an expanded surgical curriculum that best serves the modern community. This chapter explores the changing field of surgical education and provides an overview of the future challenges.


Surgical education Nontechnical competencies Hidden curriculum Social obligation Professionalism 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Upper Gastro-Intestinal Unit, The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Department of Surgery, Discipline of SurgeryUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Board of Surgical Education & TrainingRoyal Australasian College of SurgeonsMelbourneAustralia
  3. 3.HPB & Transplant Unit, Austin HealthMelbourneAustralia
  4. 4.Department of SurgeryThe University of Melbourne, Austin HealthMelbourneAustralia
  5. 5.Board in General SurgeryRoyal Australasian College of SurgeonsMelbourneAustralia

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