Tumours of the Hypopharynx: Diagnosis, Assessment and Staging

  • Sudhir Bahadur
  • Arun Sharma


The hypopharynx extends from the level of the hyoid bone to inferiorly the cervical oesophagus at lower border of cricoid cartilage. Tumours arising from the hypopharynx are generally aggressive and present late partly because of few symptoms. Most patients have lymph node metastasis at presentation and generally have worse prognosis as compared with ‘intrinsic’ laryngeal tumours. Smoking and alcohol consumption are important factors in aetiology [1].


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sudhir Bahadur
    • 1
  • Arun Sharma
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology and Head-Neck SurgeryFormerly at All India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Otolaryngology and Head-Neck SurgeryHamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Jamia HamdardNew DelhiIndia

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