Advertisement

Imaging in Carcinoma of the Larynx

  • Abhinav Jain
  • S. S. Anand
Chapter

Abstract

The advancements in cross-sectional imaging techniques have made pre- and postsurgical evaluation of carcinoma larynx more comprehensive and faster. Early diagnosis and treatment in laryngeal cancer not only impact the overall survival; it also augments the possibility of preserving voice and nasal respiration [1]. Clinical mirror examination and endoscopy are used to evaluate the larynx [2]. Besides integration of endoscopic findings with cross-sectional imaging, to analyse the submucosal and locoregional extent of the SCC improves the T staging and precision and influences the treatment decisions in these patients. Imaging also contributes to information about the nodal disease, systemic metastases, any synchronous tumours and recurrent disease.

References

  1. 1.
    Issa MR, Samuels SE, Bellile E, Shalabi FL, Eisbruch A, Wolf G. Tumor volumes and prognosis in laryngeal cancer. Cancers. 2015;7(4):2236–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Sulica L. Laryngoscopy, stroboscopy and other tools for the evaluation of voice disorders. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2013;46(1):21–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Loevner LA, Yousem DM, Montone KT, Weber R, Chalian AA, Weinstein GS. Can radiologists accurately predict PES invasion with MR imaging? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1997;169:1681–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zbaren P, Becker M, Läng H. Pretherapeutic staging of laryngeal carcinoma: clinical findings, CT and MRI with histopathology. Cancer. 1996;77:1263–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Becker M, Burkhardt K, Dulguerov P, Allal A. Imaging of the larynx and the hypopharynx. Eur J Radiol. 2008;66:460–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Caddy GR, Chen RY. Current clinical applications of endoscopic ultrasound. ANZ J Surg. 2007;77:101–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Connor S. Laryngeal cancer: how does the radiologist help? Cancer Imaging. 2007;7(1):93–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wu J-H, et al. Comparison of CT and MRI in diagnosis of laryngeal carcinoma with anterior vocal commissure involvement. Sci Rep. 2016;6:30353. PMC. Web. 10 May 2018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    American Joint Committee on Cancer. Cancer staging handbook. 6th ed. New York: Springer; 2002.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Joshi VM, Wadhwa V, Mukherji SK. Imaging in laryngeal cancers. Indian J Radiol Imaging. 2012;22(3):209–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sheahan P. Management of advanced laryngeal cancer. Rambam Maimonides Med J. 2014;5(2):e0015.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Curtin HD. The larynx. In: Som PM, Curtin HD, editors. Head and neck imaging. 4 th ed. St Louis: Mosby; 2003. p. 1595–699.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mukherji SK, Bradford CR. Controversies: is there a role for positron-emission tomographic CT in the initial staging of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma? AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2006;27(2):243–5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhang S-Y, et al. Retrospective analysis of prognostic factors in 205 patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent surgical treatment. PLoS One. 2013;8(4):e60157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chu MM, Kositwattanarerk A, Lee DJ, Makkar JS, Genden EM, Kao J, et al. FDG PET with contrast enhanced CT: a critical imaging tool for laryngeal carcinoma. Radiographics. 2010;30:1353–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abhinav Jain
    • 1
  • S. S. Anand
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiodiagnosisHamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Jamia HamdardNew DelhiIndia

Personalised recommendations