The Prospects of Cadherin-23 as a Mediator of Homophilic Cell-Cell Adhesion
Cadherins (calcium-dependent adhesion proteins) constitute a family of cell surface proteins that mediate cell-cell adhesion and actively participate in tissue morphogenesis and in mediating tissue integrity. The ecto-domains of cadherins from opposing cell surfaces interact with each other to form the load-bearing trans-dimers and mechanically hold cells together. The “classical” cadherins and desmosomes that form separate groups in cadherin superfamily are mostly explored for their roles in cell-cell adhesion. However, majority of cadherins in cells belong to “nonclassical” group which is poorly explored in the context of their cell-binding properties. This review focuses on the role of “nonclassical” cadherin, cadherin-23, in cell-cell adhesion. Overall, this review highlights the need for further investigations on the role of “nonclassical” cadherin-23 in cell-cell adhesion.
KeywordsNonclassical cadherins Cadherin-23 Cell-cell adhesion Cancer
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