Of Ponds, Lakes, and the Sea: Shōyō, Shakespeare, and Romanticism

  • Daniel Gallimore
Part of the Asia-Pacific and Literature in English book series (APLE)


Although Tsubouchi Shōyō (1859–1935) is generally regarded as a translator of Shakespeare and proponent of psychological realism, this chapter discusses three of his “brushes” with Romanticism: the likely relevance of Coleridge and Hazlitt to his Shakespeare criticism; a translation from 1902 of Wordsworth’s poetry; and his debt to the German Romantic composer Richard Wagner in creating his experimental musical drama Shinkyoku Urashima (1904). Shōyō always tried to keep drama and literature apart from what he called the writer’s “hidden ideals”, which is why he criticized the Romantic tendency to read the details of Shakespeare’s life into the texts, and yet his vision can be read as both Romantic and implicitly ideological.


Tsubouchi Shōyō Romanticism Mori Ogai Shakespeare Translation Japanese literature Samuel Taylor Coleridge 


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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel Gallimore
    • 1
  1. 1.Kwansei Gakuin UniversityNishinomiyaJapan

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