Sources of Consumer Contract Law

  • Jiangqiu Ge


Many types of rules can influence the behaviour of a trader who is dealing with a consumer. Within all these rules, some are binding because they are legislated in statutes or decided in precedents. The legitimacy of these rules usually derives from the institutions that enact them. In most cases, if the trader does not obey these rules, the consumer may go to the court or other public institutions for enforcement. These rules are usually qualified as ‘legal rules’. However, it is noteworthy that the answer to ‘who creates legal rules’ is rather different in diverse jurisdictions. For instance, in civil law countries the rules contained in the statutory law are relatively more important, while in common law countries, case law plays a more significant role. In contrast, some other rules are self-regulated, and traders follow them only because they are willing to attract consumers by providing a higher level of protection. In this category, some of the rules can also be relied upon by consumers because they are explicitly recorded in the contract.


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© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiangqiu Ge
    • 1
  1. 1.School of LawFudan UniversityShanghaiChina

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